Born On This Day:
- Don Carlos (Spain), 1545
- Joseph Chamberlain, 1836
- Count von Zeppelin, 1838
- John D. Rockefeller, 1839
- Alec Waugh, 1898
- Philip Johnson, 1906
- Nelson Rockefeller, 1908
- Louis Jordan, 1908
- Walter Kerr, 1913
- Billy Eckstine, 1914
- Faye Emerson, 1917
- Roone Arledge, 1931
- Jerry Vale, 1932
- Marty Feldman, 1933
- Steve Lawrence, 1935
- Phil Gramm, 1942
- Kim Darby, 1948
- Raffi, 1948
- Anjelica Huston, 1951
- Kevin Bacon, 1958
- Jaden Smith, 1998
Died On This Day:
- Pope Gregory XV, 1623
- Christiaan Huygens, 1695
- Percy Bysshe Shelley drowned, 1822
- Sir William Parry, 1855
- Oscar I Sweden, 1859
- Havelock Ellis, 1939
- Vivien Leigh, 1967
- Michael Wilding, 1979
- Hyman Rickover, 1986
- Howard Duff, 1990
- Kim Il Sung, 1994
- June Allyson, 2006
- Betty Ford, 2011
- Ernest Borgnine, 2012
- Tab Hunter, 2018
- 1497 - Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon in search of a sea route to India.
- 1524 - First kidnapping in America. Florentine explorers kidnap Indian child to bring to France.
- 1709 - Peter the Great's Russians easily defeat Charles XII (Sweden) and English-Battle of Poltava.
- 1792 - France declares war on Prussia.
- 1796 - America's first passport issued to Francis Maria Barrere.
- 1815 - Louis XVIII re-enters Paris as King of France after Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo.
- 1858 - British declare peace in India.
- 1887 - Wall Street Journal first published by Charles H. Dow and Edward Jones.
- 1889 - John L. Sullivan wins last bare knuckle prizefight in 75th round at Richburg, Mississippi.
- 1892 - Bloody fingerprints at murder scene in Buenos Aires lead to first conviction on fingerprint evidence.
- 1907 - The Follies of 1907, the first of Ziegfeld's Follies, opens in New York starring Anna Held
- 1924 - Adolf Hitler resumes leadership of National Socialist Party.
- 1932 - Depression bottoms out as Dow Jones Average slips to record 41.22 having fallen 89% in 3 years.
- 1959 - First two Americans killed in action in Vietnam.
- 1961 - First women's singles final played at Wimbledon between Christine Truman and Angela Mortimer.
- 1976 - New York Bar Association expels Richard Nixon.
- 1985 - China approves retail sales of tampons for the first time.
- 2010 - First 24-hour continuous flight through the night by solar-powered plane in Switzerland is piloted by Andre Borschberg.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Elizabeth of Portugal
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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