Born On This Day:
- Etienne de Silhouette, 1535
- Mrs. Sarah Siddons, 1755
- Sir Stamford Raffles, 1781
- David Farragut, 1801
- Phineas T. Barnum, 1810
- Cecil Rhodes, 1853
- Jean Cocteau, 1889
- Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., 1902
- Milburn Stone, 1904
- Georges Pompidou, 1911
- Manolete, 1917
- Victor Navasky, 1932
- Robbie Robertson, 1944
- Julie Nixon Eisenhower, 1948
- Huey Lewis, 1951
- Edie Falco, 1963
- Dolly, the cloned sheep, 1996
Died On This Day:
- Emperor Ivan VI Russia, 1764
- Sir Stamford Raffles, 1826
- Bruce Barton, 1967
- Walter Gropius, 1969
- Leo McCarey, 1969
- Tom Mboya assassinated, 1969
- Harry James, 1983
- Georgia Brown, 1992
- Harrison Salisbury, 1993
- Ted Williams, 2002
- George Melly, 2007
- Cy Twombly, 2011
- 1791 - First British ambassador to the US appointed - George Hammond.
- 1809 - Napoleon defeats Austrians in Battle of Wagram.
- 1811 - Venezuela becomes independent from Spain.
- 1817 - Britain issues its first gold sovereign coin.
- 1841 - World's first train excursion organized by Thomas Cook and Son from Leicester to Loughborough.
- 1865 - Salvation Army founded in London by William Booth at the Christian Mission at Mile End.
- 1932 - Salazar becomes Prime Minister of Portugal.
- 1933 - German Catholic party dissolved.
- 1938 - San Francisco Chronicle introduces column by 22 year-old Herb Caen. (Ends on his death 1/25/97)
- 1945 - General Douglas MacArthur declares that the Philippine Islands are liberated. WWII
- 1946 - Skimpy bikini swimsuit first revealed at Paris fashion show by designer Louis Réard.
- 1947 - Birth of a legend: Mac Brazel finds remnants of strange object in Roswell, New Mexico - first UFO?
- 1948 - British National Health Service begins.
- 1950 - First U.S. Soldier dies in combat in Korea.
- 1965 - Maria Callas's last public performance in Tosca at Covent Garden.
- 1969 - Rolling Stones give free performance in Hyde Park for 350,000 two days after Brian Jones's death.
- 1971 - 26th Amendment comes into force-voting age lowered to 18.
- 1975 - Hawaii's Mauna Loa volcano erupts with lava fountains up to 200 feet high; no injuries.
- 1975 - Arthur Ashe becomes first black tennis player to win Wimbledon's men's singles beating Connors.
- 1984 - Joseph Mallard William Turner's painting 'Seascape, Folkestone' sells for $10 million in London.
- 1996 - William McKinley catches the world's record 111 lb. blue catfish in Wheeler's Reservoir TN.
- 1997 - Tennis: Martina Hingis becomes youngest Wimbledon singles champ ever at age 16 years 9 months.
- 2007 - Record price for Renaissance painter Raphael smashed at Christie's London when bidding for his Lorenzo de' Medici sold for £18.5 million.
- 2009 - Roger Federer wins Wimbledon, his 15th grand slam title, easing out Pete Sampras's grand slam record of 14.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Athanasius the Athonite
- Philomena of San Severino
- Antony Zaccaria
- Independence Day Algeria (1962), Venezuela (1811)
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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