Born On This Day:
- Roman Emperor Caracalla, AD 186
- Linus Yale, 1821
- Rémy de Gourmont, 1858
- Pierre Monteux, 1875
- Arthur Murray, 1895
- Robert E. Sherwood, 1896
- John Cameron Swayze, 1906
- Muddy Waters, 1915
- Elmer Bernstein, 1922
- Maya Angelou, 1928
- Anthony Perkins, 1932
- Hugh Masekela, 1939
- Kitty Kelley, 1942
- Craig T. Nelson, 1947
- Christine Lahti, 1950
- Marilu Henner, 1952
- David E. Kelley, 1956
- Graham Norton, 1963
- Robert Downey, Jr., 1965
- David Blaine, 1973
- Heath Ledger, 1979
Died On This Day:
- King Frederick II Denmark, 1588
- Oliver Goldsmith, 1774
- William Henry Harrison, 1841
- Karl Benz, 1929
- Andre Michelin, 1931
- Martin Luther King assassinated, 1968
- Gloria Swanson, 1983
- Max Frisch, 1991
- Sammy Reshevsky, 1992
- Roger Ebert, 2013
- 1406 - James I, King of Scots, accedes to throne of Scotland although he is prisoner of the English.
- 1460 - University of Basle, Switzerland, opened.
- 1581 - Sir Francis Drake is knighted by Queen Elizabeth I on board his Golden Hind following his successful circumnavigation of the globe.
- 1692 - Andrew Hamilton appointed Colonial Postmaster General under act of British parliament.
- 1818 - Congress approves flag of US: 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars, one for each state.
- 1841 - John Tyler is first vice-president to become President automatically on death of William Henry Harrison, the first president to die in office and serve the shortest term.
- 1850 - Los Angeles incorporated as a city.
- 1859 - Daniel Emmett's song 'Dixie' first performed by Bryant's Minstrels at Mechanics Hall, NY.
- 1877 - First telephone is placed in a private home in Boston.
- 1887 - First Colonial conference opens in London.
- 1887 - First woman mayor of an American City elected - Susanna Medora Salter of Argonia, KS.
- 1891 - Edwin Booth's last stage performance; Ends career as Hamlet.
- 1905 - Earthquake in Kangra valley in India destroys three cities and kills 20,000.
- 1914 - First movie matinee cliffhanging serial, 'The Perils of Pauline' opens in New York.
- 1917 - U.S. Senate votes 90-6 to enter WW1; House approval by vote of 373 to 50.
- 1932 - Vitamin C isolated by Charles Glen King, professor of chemistry at the University of Pittsburgh.
- 1939 - Faisal II becomes King of Iraq.
- 1945 - Hungary liberated by Soviets who take control of country. WWII
- 1949 - North Atlantic Treaty signed by twelve nations at Washington DC, NATO formed.
- 1968 - Martin Luther King shot in neck by James Earl Ray on hotel balcony in Memphis with Rev. Jesse Jackson standing by.
- 1969 - NBC Television cancels Star Trek after 79 episodes.
- 1969 - CBS Television cancels Smothers Brothers, probably for anti Vietnam War parodies.
- 1972 - Charlie Chaplin, 82, walks on American soil after 20 years of exile to receive honorary Oscar.
- 1974 - Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York dedicated. (Destroyed by terrorists 9/11/01.)
- 1981 - Henry Cisneros becomes first Latino Mayor of a US City, San Antonio, TX. (see 1887!)
Feast Day of Saint:
- Chionia & Irene
- Benedict the Black
- Isidore of Seville (died today in 636)
- Independence Day Senegal (1960)
- PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
- PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
- MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
- GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
- EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the veral equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches;
- EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
- CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
- NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
- BAISAKHI (in India) or VOISHU (in Kerala) or BOHAG BIHU (in Assam) - (Hindu New Year Festival)
- VESAK (Commemoration of birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha) celebrated Southeast Asia.
- MOTHER'S DAY (U.S.), second Sunday in May
- FESTIVAL OF JOAN OF ARC in France, second Sunday in May
- MEMORIAL DAY (U.S.), Last Monday in May
- MAHAVIR JAYANTI, Indian festival celebrating birth of Lord Mahavira, celebrated early April
- AKSHAYA TRITIYA, Hindu Festival, celebrated late April
- DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME - begins first Sunday in April - clocks forward
- Arbor Day - last Friday in April
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