Born On This Day:
- Antonio Vivaldi, 1678
- William Foyle, 1885
- Knute Rockne, 1888
- Charles Goren, 1901
- John Garfield, 1913
- Alan Sillitoe, 1928
- Miriam Makeba, 1932
- Barbara McNair, 1939
- Paula Prentiss, 1939
- Bobby Womack, 1944
- Mary Wilson, 1944
- Patricia Heaton, 1958
- Kevin Johnson, 1966
Died On This Day:
- Sultan Saladin Egypt, 1193
- Commodore Matthew Perry, 1858
- Antonin Artaud, 1948
- Sergei Prokofiev, 1953
- William Carlos Williams, 1963
- Sol Hurok, 1974
- Nestor Almendros, 1992
- John Candy, 1994
- Horton Foote, 2009
- 1461 - King Henry VI deposed by his cousin Edward, Duke of York (Edward IV) and exiled to Scotland.
- 1681 - Charter of Pennsylvania granted to Quaker William Penn by King Charles II.
- 1789 - U.S. Constitution comes into force & first Congress and House of Reps. meet in New York.
- 1791 - Vermont becomes 14th state admitted to Union, first after original 13.
- 1801 - Note: Inauguration day many U.S. Presidents inc. Lincoln 1861, Jefferson 1801, Jackson 1829, etc. before change to January 20 after Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- 1837 - City of Chicago incorporated.
- 1840 - America's first commercial photographic studio opens in New York City.
- 1857 - Peace of Paris ends Anglo-Persian War. Shah recognizes Afghanistan independence.
- 1865 - Abraham Lincoln's famous second inaugural address pledged committment to reconciliation after Civil War; "With malice towards none, with charity for all..."
- 1887 - 23 year-old William Randolph Hearst buys the San Francisco Examiner newspaper launching the Hearst newspaper empire.
- 1891 - Congress passes International Copyright Act halting piracy by U.S. publishers.
- 1902 - Nine auto clubs around country unite to create American Automobile Association.
- 1917 - Jeannette Rankin (R. Montana) begins term as first woman elected to the House of Representatives.
- 1933 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints first woman to cabinet - Sec. of Labor Frances Perkins.
- 1933 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt's famous inaugural address begins Great Depression Recovery: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself..."
- 1950 - Disney's 'Cinderella' released.
- 1955 - Ellis Island, immigrants first step on American soil, declared surplus property by U.S. Government.
- 1959 - U.S.S. Skate leaves New London, CT to become first submarine to surface at North Pole.
- 1979 - Voyager I sends back first photo showing the rings around Jupiter.
- 1996 - Largest criminal fine ever imposed in US: Daiwa Bank, guilty of securities fraud, pays $340 million.
- 2007 - Largest woman's gathering in history: two million Hindu women gather at Festival at Attukal Temple in Kerala.
- 2009 - Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir becomes first sitting head of state to be charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Anniversary of death of patron saint Casimir celebrated in Lithuania
- SHROVE TUESDAY. Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fastnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S. & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
- ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
- PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
- HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring), celebrated early March
- LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
- SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
- CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
- TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
- PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
- PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
- MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
- GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
- LAILAT AL-QADR, I'D AL-FITR & IDU'L FITAR, Muslim Festivals
- EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches
- CHING MING FESTIVAL & QING MING (Singapore), All Souls Day in Far East
- NOTE; EASTER is also called Ostern in Germany and Switzerland, Pasqua in Italy, Pascua Florida or Domingo de Gloria in Spain, Pâques in France, Velykos in Lithuania, Wielkanoc in Polish, Pasha in Greece, Påske in Norway, Påskdagen in Sweden, Zadig in Armenia, Paschen in The Netherlands, Paschoa in Portugal,
- EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
- RAMA-NAVAMI, Hindu Festival of Rama, celebrated at the end of March
- CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
- NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
- COMMONWEALTH DAY in Britain Second Monday in March
- MOTHERING SUNDAY - fourth Sunday of Lent celebrated in England
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