31 JULY
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Emperor Maximilian II, 1527
  • Jean Dubuffet, 1901
  • Irv Kupcinet, 1912
  • Milton Friedman, 1912
  • Primo Levi, 1919
  • Don Murray, 1929
  • Geraldine Chaplin, 1944
  • Sherry Lansing, 1944
  • Evonne Goolagong, 1951
  • Wesley Snipes, 1962
  • J.K. Rowling, 1965

Died On This Day:

  • Ignatius of Loyola, 1556
  • King John V Portugal, 1750
  • Denis Diderot, 1784
  • Andrew Johnson, 1875
  • Franz Liszt, 1886
  • Antoine de Saint-Exupery, 1944
  • Robert A. Taft, 1953
  • Jim Reeves killed, 1964
  • Teddy Wilson, 1986
  • King Baudouin of the Belgians, 1993
  • Mitch Miller, 2010
  • Gore Vidal, 2012
  • Jeanne Moreau, 2017

Today's Events:

  • 1498 - Christopher Columbus sights a new island in the Caribbean and names it 'La Trinidad.'
  • 1790 - U.S. government issues first patent - to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont for a process of making potash.
  • 1792 - Cornerstone of U.S. Mint laid in Philadelphia; first U.S. government building.
  • 1849 - Benjamin Chambers obtains patent on breech-loading cannon.
  • 1904 - Trans-Siberian railroad completed after 13 years of construction; stretches 4,607 miles.
  • 1910 - English murderer, Dr. Hawley Crippen, arrested at sea aboard SS Montrose -First use of radio.
  • 1912 - Motion picture censorship regulation enacted.
  • 1917 - Third battle of Ypres begins, WW1. Major British offensive ends with heavy losses.
  • 1920 - British Communist Party formed in Cannon Street Station Hotel, London.
  • 1964 - Unmanned space probe Ranger VII takes first close-up photographs of the moon.
  • 1965 - Britain bans cigarette advertising on TV.
  • 1971 - Apollo 15 astronauts Scott and Irwin take first ride on moon vehicle.
  • 1987 - 400 trampled to death at Mecca as Iranians clash with Saudi riot police near Great Mosque.
  • 1991 - Reuters is first to use expression 'ethnic cleansing' in article about Serb guerrillas in Croatia.
  • 1995 - Disney announces merger with Capital Cities/ABC in $19 billion deal.
  • 2003 - Felix Baumgartner is first man to fly unassisted across English Channel with carbon fiber wings.
  • 2006 - Fidel Castro temporarily cedes power to his brother Raul because of ill health.
  • 2012 - Swimmer Michael Phelps wins 19th and 20th Olympics medals beating Larisa Latynina's 48 year-old record of 18 to become most decorated Olympian in history.
  • 2012 - Largest electrical blackout in history in India affects 670 million, about 10% of the world's population, over 2,000 miles.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Ignatius of Loyola (died today in 1556)
  • Germanus of Auxerre
  • Neot

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
  • CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
  • CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
  • NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
  • RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
  • CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
  • TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
  • NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
  • SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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