Born On This Day:
- Emperor Maximilian II, 1527
- Jean Dubuffet, 1901
- Irv Kupcinet, 1912
- Milton Friedman, 1912
- Primo Levi, 1919
- Don Murray, 1929
- Geraldine Chaplin, 1944
- Sherry Lansing, 1944
- Evonne Goolagong, 1951
- Wesley Snipes, 1962
- J.K. Rowling, 1965
Died On This Day:
- Ignatius of Loyola, 1556
- King John V Portugal, 1750
- Denis Diderot, 1784
- Andrew Johnson, 1875
- Franz Liszt, 1886
- Antoine de Saint-Exupery, 1944
- Robert A. Taft, 1953
- Jim Reeves killed, 1964
- Teddy Wilson, 1986
- King Baudouin of the Belgians, 1993
- Mitch Miller, 2010
- Gore Vidal, 2012
- Jeanne Moreau, 2017
- Harold Prince, 2019
- 1498 - Christopher Columbus sights a new island in the Caribbean and names it 'La Trinidad.'
- 1790 - U.S. government issues first patent - to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont for a process of making potash.
- 1792 - Cornerstone of U.S. Mint laid in Philadelphia; first U.S. government building.
- 1849 - Benjamin Chambers obtains patent on breech-loading cannon.
- 1904 - Trans-Siberian railroad completed after 13 years of construction; stretches 4,607 miles.
- 1910 - English murderer, Dr. Hawley Crippen, arrested at sea aboard SS Montrose -First use of radio.
- 1912 - Motion picture censorship regulation enacted.
- 1917 - Third battle of Ypres begins, WW1. Major British offensive ends with heavy losses.
- 1920 - British Communist Party formed in Cannon Street Station Hotel, London.
- 1964 - Unmanned space probe Ranger VII takes first close-up photographs of the moon.
- 1965 - Britain bans cigarette advertising on TV.
- 1971 - Apollo 15 astronauts Scott and Irwin take first ride on moon vehicle.
- 1987 - 400 trampled to death at Mecca as Iranians clash with Saudi riot police near Great Mosque.
- 1991 - Reuters is first to use expression 'ethnic cleansing' in article about Serb guerrillas in Croatia.
- 1995 - Disney announces merger with Capital Cities/ABC in $19 billion deal.
- 2003 - Felix Baumgartner is first man to fly unassisted across English Channel with carbon fiber wings.
- 2006 - Fidel Castro temporarily cedes power to his brother Raul because of ill health.
- 2012 - Swimmer Michael Phelps wins 19th and 20th Olympics medals beating Larisa Latynina's 48 year-old record of 18 to become most decorated Olympian in history.
- 2012 - Largest electrical blackout in history in India affects 670 million, about 10% of the world's population, over 2,000 miles.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Ignatius of Loyola (died today in 1556)
- Germanus of Auxerre
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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