31 OCTOBER
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Jan Vermeer, 1632
  • John Keats, 1795
  • Chiang Kai-Shek, 1886
  • Ethel Waters, 1896
  • Baron Nathaniel Rothschild, 1910
  • Dale Evans, 1912
  • Helmut Newton, 1920
  • Dick Francis, 1920
  • Barbara Bel Geddes, 1922
  • Lee Grant, 1930
  • Dan Rather, 1931
  • Michael Landon, 1936
  • David Ogden Stiers, 1942
  • Stephen Rea, 1943
  • Jane Pauley, 1950
  • John Candy, 1950
  • Peter Jackson, 1961
  • Vanilla Ice, 1967
  • Willow Smith, 2000

Died On This Day:

  • Robert, Earl of Gloucester, 1147
  • Harry Houdini, 1926
  • Max Reinhardt, 1943
  • Augustus John, 1961
  • Ramon Novarro murdered, 1968
  • Indira Gandhi assassinated, 1984
  • John Houseman, 1988
  • Joseph Papp, 1991
  • River Phoenix OD, 1993
  • Federico Fellini, 1993
  • Ring Lardner Jr., 2000
  • Pieter Willem Botha, 2006
  • Studs Terkel, 2008
  • Theodore Sorensen, 2010

Today's Events:

  • 1517 - Martin Luther nails 95 theses to church door at Wittenberg; Protestant Reformation starts.
  • 1864 - Nevada becomes 36th state admitted to Union.
  • 1883 - World Women's Christian Temperance Union organized at convention in Detroit.
  • 1888 - Scottish inventor John Boyd Dunlop patents his pneumatic bicycle tyre.
  • 1905 - Shaw's play 'Mrs. Warren's Profession' opens on Broadway; critics call it 'vicious,' 'indecent'.
  • 1917 - Eugene O'Neill's first play, a one-act entitled "In the Zone," opens in New York at the Washington Square Players.
  • 1921 - Rudolph Valentino's movie 'The Sheik' a sensation in NY Rivoli theatre opening.
  • 1940 - Battle of Britain ends with a Royal air force loss of 915 planes, Luftwaffe 1,733. WWII.
  • 1941 - Mount Rushmore Memorial completed with sculptures of Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln & Roosevelt.
  • 1951 - Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip make American TV debut on NBC.
  • 1952 - America's first hydrogen bomb ( = 10 million tons TNT) detonated in Marshall Islands' Eniwetok Atoll.
  • 1958 - First internal heart pacemaker was implanted by Swedish doctor Ake Senning.
  • 1968 - Lyndon B. Johnson announces halt to bombing of North Vietnam.
  • 1984 - Indira Gandhi shot dead by two of her own Sikh security guards while walking in her garden in Delhi.
  • 2010 - General Motors announces the extinction of its 84 year-old Pontiac brand; last one manufactured May 2010.
  • 2011 - World's seven billionth baby born.
  • 2015 - 224 dead when Airbus crashes in Sinai after takeover at Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt; ISIS claims responsibility.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Foillan
  • Wolfgang
  • Bee

Holiday:

  • Birthday of Chiang Kai-Shek celebrated in Taiwan
  • Halloween (All Hallow's eve)
  • Nutcrack Night
  • Reformation Day in W. Germany, Scandinavia, Estonia, Latvia etc.
  • Celtic Festival of Samhain
  • National Magic Day

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
  • DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
  • PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
  • LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
  • CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
  • DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
  • BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
  • RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
  • CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
  • COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
  • DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
  • MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
  • NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
  • THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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