31 JANUARY
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Franz Schubert, 1797
  • Zane Grey, 1872
  • Anna Pavlova, 1882
  • Eddie Cantor, 1892
  • Tallulah Bankhead, 1903
  • John O'Hara, 1905
  • Jersey Joe Walcott, 1914
  • Garry Moore, 1915
  • Jackie Robinson, 1919
  • Carol Channing, 1921
  • Mario Lanza, 1921
  • Norman Mailer, 1923
  • Jean Simmons, 1929
  • Ernie Banks, 1931
  • Philip Glass, 1937
  • Suzanne Pleshette, 1937
  • Queen Beatrix Netherlands, 1938
  • Dick Gephardt, 1941
  • Nolan Ryan, 1947
  • Minnie Driver, 1971
  • Justin Timberlake, 1981

Died On This Day:

  • Guy Fawkes beheaded, 1606
  • Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) , 1788
  • Whistler's mother, 1881
  • Marquess of Queensberry, 1900
  • John Galsworthy, 1933
  • Jean Giraudoux, 1944
  • Pvt. Eddie Slovik executed, 1945
  • A.A. Milne, 1956
  • Samuel Goldwyn, 1974
  • George Abbott, 1995
  • Moira Shearer, 2006
  • Sidney Sheldon, 2007
  • Lizabeth Scott, 2015

Today's Events:

  • 1328 - Capetian dynasty of France ends with death of French King Charles II.
  • 1851 - Invention of evaporated milk announced by Gail Borden of Brooklyn NY.
  • 1865 - US House of Representatives passes constitutional amendment to abolish slavery.
  • 1876 - All Sioux Indians ordered onto reservations, commencing the Sioux Indian War.
  • 1882 - Great World Building fire on Park Row in New York City.
  • 1901 - Anton Chekhov's play 'Three Sisters' premieres in Russia.
  • 1928 - Leon Trotsky exiled to Alma Ata (now in Kazakhstan) following his expulsion from Communist Party on 11/12/27.
  • 1940 - First social security check in America issued to Miss Ida May Fuller of Vermont in the amount of $22.54.
  • 1943 - Stalingrad holds out-worst German defeat in History-WWII. Invasion began Sept. 15, 1942.
  • 1949 - First daytime soap opera goes on TV-'These Are My Children,' on NBC Chicago.
  • 1953 - Great storm surge in England is Northern Europe's worst natural disaster for two centuries; 150,000 acres covered in sea water; 307 dead.
  • 1958 - First American satellite, Explorer I, 31 lbs, launched by Wernher von Braun.
  • 1971 - Apollo XIV launched; Shepard and Ed Mitchell in another moon landing on Feb 5.
  • 1983 - Wearing seatbelts in cars made compulsory in Britain.
  • 1990 - McDonald's restaurant opens in Russia; now the busiest Mac in the world.
  • 2000 - Britain's most prolific serial killer, Dr. Harold Shipman, is sentenced to 15 life sentences for murder.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Aidan (or Maedoc) of Ferns
  • John Bosco, Marcella
  • Cyrus and John

Holiday:

  • Independence Day Nauru (1968)

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • YÜAN TAN. Chinese New Year's Day. Based on lunar calendar - starts sunset on day of 2nd New Moon.
  • CHINESE LANTERN FESTIVAL 15th day of first month of lunar calendar marks end of Chinese New Year.
  • TU BI-SHEBAT (Judaism) New Year for Trees, celebrated on 15th of lunar month Shebat.
  • MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY 3rd Monday in January
  • ADULTS DAY in Japan - second Monday in January - 'Seijin no hi'
  • SNOW FESTIVAL - Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
  • GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God
  • VASANT PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of Spring and of Saraswati, Goddess of Learning (end of January)
  • PONGAL AND MAKARA SANKRANTI, mid-January, Harvest festival celebrated in Southern India and Singapore
  • LAILAT AL MIRAJ Muslim Festival celebrating ascent of Muhammad into Heaven
  • JAPANESE NEW YEAR - 3 day festival
  • LOHRI, the Hindu Bonfire Festival, celebrated early January

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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