Born On This Day:
- Hamilton Fish, 1808
- Elisha Otis, 1811
- Earl Stanley Baldwin, 1867
- Rupert Brooke, 1887
- John Scopes, 1900
- Ernie Pyle, 1900
- P.D. James, 1920
- Leon Uris, 1924
- Tony Bennett, 1926
- Martin Sheen, 1940
- Martha Stewart, 1941
- Jay North, 1952
Died On This Day:
- King James II Scotland, 1460
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens, 1907
- Joseph Conrad, 1924
- Colette, 1954
- Lenny Bruce OD, 1966
- Alfred Lunt, 1977
- Archbishop Macarios, 1977
- Beryl Markham, 1986
- Ida Lupino, 1995
- Henri Cartier-Bresson, 2004
- Dame Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, 2006
- Aleksander Solzhenitsyn, 2008
- Bubba Smith, 2011
- 1492 - At sunrise, Columbus embarks on voyage to America with crew of 87 on Santa Maria, Pinta & Nina.
- 1830 - July revolution in France ends.
- 1852 - First intercollegiate sports event of any kind - Harvard beats Yale in rowing.
- 1858 - The source of the Nile discovered by John Speke.
- 1914 - Germany declares war on France; Kaiser's ships bomb Russian port of Libau. WWI.
- 1926 - Piccadilly Circus, London, first lit by electricity - 12 years after first US city lighting in Cincinnati.
- 1936 - Jesse Owens wins broad jump at Olympic Games in Germany infuriating Adolf Hitler; will also go on to win 3 other events.
- 1940 - Latvia admitted to Soviet Union.
- 1958 - USS 'Nautilus,' world's first nuclear sub, is first vessel to pass beneath North Pole.
Feast Day of Saint:
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
- ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
- CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
- Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
- FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA
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