Born On This Day:
- Charlotte Corday, 1768
- Alexandre Dumas (fils), 1824
- Hilaire Belloc, 1870
- Selwyn Lloyd, 1904
- Leo Durocher, 1905
- Mario Del Monaco, 1915
- Keenan Wynn, 1916
- Norman Lear, 1922
- Brock Peters, 1927
- Robert Holmes à Court, 1937
- Bobbie Gentry, 1944
- Betty Thomas, 1948
- Peggy Fleming, 1948
- Maureen McGovern, 1949
- Alex Rodriguez, 1975
Died On This Day:
- King James I of Aragon, 1276
- Gertrude Stein, 1946
- António Salazar, 1970
- Shah Mohammad Pahlavi Iran, 1980
- William Wyler, 1981
- George Gallup, 1984
- James Mason, 1984
- Bob Hope, 2003
- Tony Martin, 2012
- Sam Shepard, 2017
- 1054 - English under Siward, Earl of Northumbria, invade Scotland and defeat Macbeth at the Battle of Dunsinane; 3,000 Scots and 1,500 English die.
- 1214 - German Emperor Otto IV is defeated by army of Philip II (the bastard) at Bouvines near Lille.
- 1586 - Sir Walter Raleigh imports first tobacco from USA to England.
- 1694 - English Parliament grants charter to the Bank of England.
- 1789 - Congress establishes the U.S. State Department.
- 1830 - July revolution breaks out in Paris.
- 1862 - Paddle Steamer S. S. Golden Gate catches fire off Manzanillo Mexico; 204 dead, 134 survived.
- 1866 - First transatlantic telegraph cable from Ireland to Newfoundland completed.
- 1888 - First electric car demonstrated in Boston by inventor Philip W. Pratt; tricycle runs on batteries.
- 1890 - Vincent van Gogh shoots himself in the chest in a wheatfield in Auvers, France; or perhaps it was an errant boy with a faulty gun.
- 1900 - H. J. Heinz Company incorporated.
- 1900 - 100,000 Boxers attack Tientsin killing 1,500 foreigners. Boxer Rebellion in China.
- 1908 - Pilot Orville Wright and one passenger stays aloft for record one hour, 1 min. 40 seconds.
- 1933 - Circuit Court of Kansas City mandates death penalty for kidnapping.
- 1940 - Chuck Jones's animated short "A Wild Hare" is released by Warner Bros. introducing the character Bugs Bunny.
- 1953 - Korean War Armistice signed at Panmunjom by UN, North Korean and Chinese.
- 1955 - Austria regains sovereignty.
- 1961 - Willette Murphy becomes first black woman to model clothes in a major American fashion magazine - Mademoiselle.
- 1967 - Sexual offenses act in Britain decriminalizes homosexual acts between consenting adults.
- 1974 - House Judiciary Committee votes Articles of Impeachment against President Richard Nixon.
- 1976 - First person dies of Legionnaire's disease in Philadelphia.
- 1990 - McMartin pre-school child molestation, longest U.S. criminal case, ends in mistrial after 7 yrs.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Celestine I
- Clement Slovensky
- The Seven Sleepers
- Aurelius and Natalia
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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