Born On This Day:
- Sir Robert Walpole, 1676
- Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, 1740
- Antoine Lavoisier, 1743
- Albert, Prince Consort, 1819
- Lee De Forest, 1873
- Earl Long, 1895
- Peggy Guggenheim, 1898
- Christopher Isherwood, 1904
- Albert Sabin, 1906
- Benjamin Bradlee, 1921
- Irving R. Levine, 1922
- Geraldine Ferraro, 1935
- Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, 1944
- Valerie Simpson, 1948
- Michael Jeter, 1952
- Branford Marsalis, 1960
- Macaulay Culkin, 1980
Died On This Day:
- King Ottocar of Bohemia, 1278
- Louis-Phillipe Citizen King of France, 1850
- Tony Pastor, 1908
- Lon Chaney, 1930
- Frank Harris, 1931
- Andrew William Mellon, 1937
- Franz Werfel, 1945
- Ralph Vaughan Williams, 1958
- Sir Francis Chichester, 1972
- Charles Lindbergh, 1974
- Lotte Lehmann, 1976
- Charles Boyer suicide, 1978
- Ted Knight, 1986
- Irving Stone, 1989
- Dominick Dunne, 2009
- Neil Simon, 2018
- 55 BC - Julius Caesar's first invasion of Britain.
- 1346 - Cannon first used in battle by Edward III during defeat of Philip VI of France at Crecy. (note 2 finger insult story).
- 1498 - Michelangelo, 23, commissioned by Pope Alexander VI to carve the 'Pieta'; completed in 1501.
- 1776 - Continental Congress passes first pension act for soldiers incapacitated by wartime injuries.
- 1789 - Declaration of the Rights of Man approved by the National Assembly of France; men are born and remain free and equal.
- 1813 - Napoleon's last major victory in Germany at Battle of Dresden.
- 1839 - US Navy seizes slave ship Amistad off Long Island with African mutineers; later cleared of charges
- 1878 - Third Avenue El opens for rail traffic in New York; to remain in service for 80 years.
- 1883 - Volcano eruption at 10:00 a.m. vaporizes much of Krakatoa . 36,380 dead, 163 villages wiped out.
- 1884 - Linotype machine patented by Ottmar Mergenthaler of Baltimore.
- 1914 - Battle of Tannenberg begins; Germans under von Hindenburg defeat Russians. 30,000 Russians dead.
- 1920 - 19th Amendment ratified giving the vote to U.S. women.
- 1936 - First high-definition TV pictures transmitted by BBC from Alexandra Palace. 7,000 queue to see.
- 1939 - First pro baseball game televised at Ebbets Field Brooklyn between Dodgers and Reds on WZXBS TV.
- 1970 - National women's strike in U.S.
- 1978 - Cardinal Albino Luciani elected 263rd pope - chooses name Jean Paul; remained pope for 33 days.
- 1988 - Two-year criminal case against 20 members of the New Jersey Lucchese Mafia Family headed by Anthony Accetturo - Not guilty!
Feast Day of Saint:
- Elizabeth Bichier des Ages
- Women's Equality Day celebrated in U.S. to commemorate 19th Amendment
- Day of Ganesha-Hindu elephant god of wisdom
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
- ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
- CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
- Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
- FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA
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