Born On This Day:
- Emperor Joseph I, 1678
- George Bernard Shaw, 1856
- Carl Gustav Jung, 1875
- André Maurois, 1885
- Emil Jannings, 1886
- Aldous Huxley, 1894
- Robert Graves, 1895
- Paul Gallico, 1897
- Gracie Allen, 1906
- Salvador Allende, 1908
- Vivian Vance, 1912
- Blake Edwards, 1922
- Danny La Rue, 1927
- Stanley Kubrick, 1928
- Mick Jagger, 1943
- Helen Mirren, 1946
- Susan George, 1950
- Vitas Gerulaitis, 1954
- Kevin Spacey, 1959
- Sandra Bullock, 1964
- Kate Beckinsale, 1973
Died On This Day:
- Pope Paul II, 1471
- Sam Houston, 1863
- King Otto I Greece, 1867
- William Jennings Bryan, 1925
- Evita Peron, 1952
- Frank Loesser , 1969
- Diane Arbus suicide, 1971
- Kenneth Tynan, 1980
- George Gallop, 1984
- Averell Harriman, 1986
- Jim Bishop, 1987
- Gen. Matthew Ridgway, 1993
- Margaret, Duchess of Argyll, 1993
- 1386 - King Richard II signs decree and that signature survives today-the oldest dated signature in history.
- 1469 - Yorkists beaten by Lancastrians at the Battle of Banbury (Edgecote).
- 1499 - Island of Curaçao discovered by Alonso de Ojeda who sails into Santa Ana Bay.
- 1581 - The Netherlands declared its independence from Spain.
- 1609 - Four months before Galileo's astronomical recordings, Thomas Harriot, an English nobleman, observes and maps moon through a telescope.
- 1775 - U.S. Post Office established-Benjamin Franklin named first postmaster; salary to be $1,000 per year.
- 1788 - New York becomes 11th State admitted to Union.
- 1805 - Huge earthquake in Naples kills 6,000.
- 1847 - Independence of Liberia.
- 1881 - London Evening News first published.
- 1882 - Richard Wagner's 'Parsifal,' his last musical drama, premieres at Bayreuth.
- 1895 - French physics professor Pierre Curie marries scientist Marie Sklopdowska in Sceaux, France.
- 1908 - Bureau of Investigation, later FBI, set up by Attorney Gen. Charles Bonaparte, nephew of Napoleon.
- 1943 - Regime of Benito Mussolini collapses in Italy. Pietro Badoglio becomes PM.
- 1947 - National Security Act sets up Dept. of Defense, Security Council, CIA and Joint Chiefs of Staff in USA.
- 1948 - President Harry S. Truman issues order stipulating that races be treated equally in U.S. military.
- 1951 - Last segregated U.S. Army unit disbanded - the all-Black 24th Infantry Regiment.
- 1963 - Earthquake in Skoplje Yugoslavia kills 1,100.
- 1963 - Syncon 2, Hughes Space & Communications' first geosynchronous communications satellite, is successfully launched and goes into orbit over the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1971 - Apollo 15 launched.
- 1986 - Shortest fight on TV. Mike Tyson creams Marvin Frazier in 30 seconds.
- 1999 - Royal Caribbean Cruises fined a record $18 million for dumping hazardous waste overboard and lying to US Coast Guard.
- 2011 - World record price for a bottle of white wine, £75,000 for an 1811 Chateau d'Yquem,, paid by Frenchman Christian Vanneque.
- 2016 - At the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia, Hillary Clinton becomes the first woman to run for president of the USA.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Bartholomea Capitanio
- Simeon the Armenian
- Independence Day Maldives (1965), Liberia (1847)
- National Day in Cuba
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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