Born On This Day:
- Antony van Leeuwenhoek, 1632
- Sybil Thorndyke, 1882
- Rafael Trujillo, 1891
- Moss Hart, 1904
- Y. A. Tittle, 1926
- The Big Bopper (Jiles Perry Richardson Jr.), 1930
- F. Murray Abraham, 1939
- Bill Wyman, 1941
- Kevin Kline, 1947
- Roman Abramovich, 1966
- Caprice Bourret, 1974
- Wayne Rooney, 1985
Died On This Day:
- Jane Seymour, 1537
- Tycho Brahe, 1601
- Alessandro Scarlatti, 1725
- Daniel Webster, 1852
- George Cadbury, 1922
- Vikdun Quisling, 1945
- Franz Lehar, 1948
- Prince Carl Sweden, 1951
- Christian Dior, 1957
- Jackie Robinson, 1972
- David Oistrakh, 1974
- Edith Head, 1981
- Gene Roddenberry, 1991
- Raul Julia, 1994
- Charles Rembar, 2000
- Rosa Parks, 2005
- Fats Domino, 2017
- 1604 - James VI of Scotland proclaimed James I, King of England, Scotland, France & Ireland.
- 1648 - Treaty of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years' War in Europe.
- 1836 - Patent granted to Alonzo Dwight Phillips of Mass. for phosphorous friction matches.
- 1857 - World's first soccer club founded - the Sheffield Football Club of England.
- 1861 - Transcontinental telegraph line completed across USA; Abraham Lincoln receives first message.
- 1876 - Alarm clock patented by Seth Thomas.
- 1901 - Eastman Kodak Company incorporated in Trenton, NJ; Kodak brownies on sale for $1.00
- 1901 - Anna Edson Taylor becomes first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
- 1916 - Henry Ford becomes first industrialist to award equal pay to women - $5.00 per day.
- 1917 - Caporetto campaign begins, WW1. Germans push Italians to Piave River & take 300,000.
- 1926 - Harry Houdini, suffering from peritonitis and 104 degree fever, collapses on stage of Garrick Theatre, Detroit in last performance before his death on Holloween.
- 1929 - Radio's first variety program goes on the air-'My Time is Your Time' with Rudy Vallee.
- 1929 - 'Black Thursday' decline hits Wall Street beginning the great depression; 13 million shares traded.
- 1931 - George Washington Bridge from Manhattan Island to New Jersey across Hudson River opens.
- 1945 - The United Nations (U.N.) formally comes into existence.
- 1948 - Expression 'cold war' first used by Bernard Baruch in Senate testimony on USSR relations.
- 1949 - United Nations (U.N.) headquarters building opens in New York.
- 2004 - American scientists Richard Axel and Linda Buck win 2004 Nobel Prize in medicine and $1.3 million for work in sense of smell.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Felix of Thibiuca
- Independence Day Zambia (1964)
- United Nations Day
- Zodiac: Libra ends, Scorpius begins
- CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
- DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
- PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
- LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
- CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
- DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
- BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
- RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
- CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
- COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
- DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
- MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
- THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October
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