Born On This Day:
- Pope Leo XII, 1760
- Claude Debussy, 1862
- Jacques Lipchitz, 1891
- Dorothy Parker, 1893
- Leni Riefenstahl, 1902
- Deng Xiaoping, 1904
- Henri Cartier-Bresson, 1908
- Ray Bradbury, 1920
- John Lee Hooker, 1920
- James Kirkwood, 1924
- Karlheinz Stockhausen, 1928
- Norman Schwarzkopf, 1934
- Valerie Harper, 1940
- Cindy Williams, 1947
- Steve Davis, 1957
- Tori Amos, 1963
- Mats Wilander, 1964
Died On This Day:
- Pope Gregory IX, 1241
- King Richard III (killed), 1485
- John Dudley Duke of Northumberland executed, 1553
- Michael Collins killed, 1922
- Jacob Bronowski, 1974
- Robert Shaw, 1978
- Jomo Kenyatta, 1978
- Huey Newton, 1989
- Colleen Dewhurst, 1991
- 1485 - Battle of Bosworth Field between Henry VII (winner) and Richard III (loser). (War of Roses)
- 1642 - Civil war in England begins as King Charles I raises the royal standard at Nottingham Castle; King and Parliament now at war.
- 1654 - Jacob Barsimson becomes first man of Jewish extraction to set foot in America.
- 1692 - Eight 'witches' executed in Salem, MA.
- 1788 - British settlement in Sierra Leona founded as asylum for slaves.
- 1791 - 100,000 slaves revolt in Haiti.
- 1846 - U.S. annexes New Mexico.
- 1850 - Dr. John Gorrie receives London Patent #13,124 on his refrigerated ice machine. (US patent 5/6,1851)
- 1851 - US-built schooner America defeats Britain's finest in first America's Cup yacht race around I. Wight
- 1864 - Geneva Society for Public Welfare (later International Red Cross) brings 16 European states representatives together in Switzerland to create the First Geneva Convention.
- 1901 - Cadillac car company founded in Detroit; named after 18th C. explorer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac.
- 1902 - Teddy Roosevelt is first president to ride in a motor car - a Columbia Electric Victoria - in Hartford, CT
- 1906 - The Victrola phonograph patented.
- 1910 - Korea formally annexed by Japan.
- 1920 - Theodore Roosevelt becomes first U.S. president to ride in a motor car.
- 1922 - IRA ambush convoy of Irish Nationals including former leader Michael Collins at Bael na mBlath, Ireland.
- 1936 - BBC Television begins first regular transmissions in England.
- 1939 - Aerosol can for dispensing liquids under pressure patented by inventor Julian Kahn.
- 1960 - Beyond the Fringe opens at Edinburgh Festival with P. Cook, Dudley Moore, Alan Bennett & J. Miller.
- 1968 - Pope Paul VI arrives in Colombia- first Pope to visit South America.
- 1985 - $41,000,000 NY State Lottery won by 21 workers at a Mount Vernon printing plant.
- 1988 - 5,000 + dead as Hutus battle Tutsis in Burundi.
- 1989 - 5,000th batter struck out by Nolan Ryan, Texas Rangers pitcher, in fifth inning against Oakland.
Feast Day of Saint:
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
- ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
- CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
- Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
- FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA
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