21 MARCH
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Johann Sebastian Bach, 1685
  • Jean Paul (Richter), 1763
  • Benito Juarez, 1806
  • Modest Mussorgsky, 1839
  • Florenz Ziegfeld, 1869
  • Julio Gallo, 1910
  • Peter Brook, 1925
  • James Coco, 1930
  • Michael Heseltine, 1933
  • Al Freeman, Jr., 1934
  • Kathleen Widdoes, 1939
  • Françoise Dorleac, 1942
  • Timothy Dalton, 1946
  • Gary Oldman, 1958
  • Rosie O'Donnell, 1962
  • Matthew Broderick, 1963

Died On This Day:

  • Thomas Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury burnt at stake, 1556
  • Pocahontas, 1617
  • Archbishop James Ussher, 1656
  • Sir Michael Redgrave, 1985
  • Robert Preston, 1987
  • Patrick Steptoe, 1988
  • MacDonald Carey, 1994
  • Ernie Wise, 1999
  • Bobby Short, 2005
  • Chuck Barris, 2017

Today's Events:

  • 1801 - Battle of Alexandria fought between British and French forces; French surrender garrison on 2 Sept.
  • 1804 - Napoleonic Code established in France permits freedom of religion and prohibits privileges based on birth.
  • 1871 - First Reichstag officially opens.
  • 1884 - Trades Unions in France legalized.
  • 1919 - Hungarian Soviet Republic proclaimed - first Communist government formed after Russia's October Revolution.
  • 1925 - State of Tennessee forbids teaching Darwin's theory of evolution in state schools.
  • 1935 - Persia renamed Iran.
  • 1952 - Moondog Coronation Ball, America's first rock 'n roll concert, held in Cleveland produced by DJ Alan Freed; 20,000 fans try to squeeze into 10,000 seat venue.
  • 1953 - The Sudan achieves self-government.
  • 1960 - Sharpeville massacre in South Africa; Police kill 70, wound 180 unarmed blacks.
  • 1963 - Alcatraz Federal Prison ('The Rock') in San Francisco bay, closes.
  • 1965 - 4,000 march from Selma to Montgomery, AL with Martin Luther King to deliver petition.
  • 1980 - More than half of U.S. TV viewers turn to CBS to find out Who Shot J.R.? on 'Dallas.'
  • 1990 - Namibia (formerly South West Africa) becomes independent; ends 75 year South Africa control.
  • 1999 - First hot air balloon to circumnavigate world non-stop lands with Brian Jones and Bertrand Piccard.
  • 2002 - World's oldest photo, (of a man leading a horse) taken in 1825 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce, sold for $398,000 at Paris Auction.
  • 2006 - Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey posts the world's first tweet: "just setting up my twttr."
  • 2016 - Barack Obama becomes first US president to visit Cuba since Coolidge in 1928.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Benedict
  • Nicholas von Flue
  • Serapion of Thmuis
  • Enda

Holiday:

  • Feast of Bema, Crucifixion of Mani
  • Noruz or New Day in Iran
  • Sunki Korei-San in Japan, festival of the vernal equinox
  • Zodiac - Pisces ends, Aries begins

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • SHROVE TUESDAY. Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fastnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S. & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
  • ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
  • PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
  • HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring), celebrated early March
  • LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
  • SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
  • CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
  • TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
  • PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
  • PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
  • MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
  • GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
  • LAILAT AL-QADR, I'D AL-FITR & IDU'L FITAR, Muslim Festivals
  • EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches
  • CHING MING FESTIVAL & QING MING (Singapore), All Souls Day in Far East
  • NOTE; EASTER is also called Ostern in Germany and Switzerland, Pasqua in Italy, Pascua Florida or Domingo de Gloria in Spain, Pâques in France, Velykos in Lithuania, Wielkanoc in Polish, Pasha in Greece, Påske in Norway, Påskdagen in Sweden, Zadig in Armenia, Paschen in The Netherlands, Paschoa in Portugal,
  • EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
  • RAMA-NAVAMI, Hindu Festival of Rama, celebrated at the end of March
  • CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
  • NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
  • COMMONWEALTH DAY in Britain Second Monday in March
  • MOTHERING SUNDAY - fourth Sunday of Lent celebrated in England

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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