20 MARCH
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Ovid, 43 BC
  • Henrik Ibsen, 1828
  • Lauritz Melchior, 1890
  • Ozzie Nelson, 1906
  • Sir Michael Redgrave, 1908
  • Dame Vera Lynn, 1917
  • Pamela Harriman, 1920
  • Eric Rohmer, 1920
  • Carl Reiner, 1922
  • Ray Goulding, 1922
  • John Ehrlichman, 1925
  • Anthony Blond, 1928
  • Fred Rogers, 1928
  • Hal Linden, 1931
  • Brian Mulroney, 1939
  • Pat Riley, 1945
  • Bobby Orr, 1948
  • William Hurt, 1950
  • Spike Lee, 1957
  • Holly Hunter, 1958

Died On This Day:

  • King Henry IV of England, 1413
  • Lord Curzon, 1925
  • Marshal Ferdinand Foch, 1929
  • Brendan Behan, 1964
  • Chet Huntley, 1974
  • James Cagney, 1986
  • Baron Nathaniel Rothschild, 1990
  • Sidney Kingsley, 1995
  • V. S. Pritchett, 1997
  • Queen Juliana, Netherlands, 2004
  • Risë Stevens, 2013

Today's Events:

  • 1413 - Henry V becomes King of England on the death of his father Henry IV.
  • 1602 - Dutch East India Company founded in Amsterdam.
  • 1792 - The guillotine is adopted as the official means of execution in France. (see April 25)
  • 1833 - U.S. signs first treaty with Far Eastern country-Siam.
  • 1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' first published; book sells 30,000 in first week.
  • 1868 - Jesse James' gang robs Nimrod & Co. Bank in Russellville, KY of $14,000 in gold.
  • 1896 - U.S. Marines land in Nicaragua to protect U.S. property from revolution.
  • 1898 - First recorded international cross country race between England and France.
  • 1899 - At Sing Sing Prison, murderer Martha Place becomes first woman to be electrocuted.
  • 1914 - First international figure skating championship held at Arena Ice Rink, New Haven, CT.
  • 1916 - Albert Einstein publishes the final version of his general theory of relativity; first version published 1905.
  • 1933 - Nazis open first concentration camp at Dachau outside Munich to incarcerate Communists.
  • 1944 - 3 monarchs in exile + George VI attend wedding of King Peter II of Yugoslavia & Alexandra in London.
  • 1969 - Chicago grand jury indicts Chicago Eight for conspiring to riot at Democratic convention.
  • 1969 - John Lennon marries Yoko Ono.
  • 1987 - AZT, first drug to give comfort to victims of AIDS, approved by U.S. Government.
  • 1995 - Aum Shinrikyo religious sect in Japan release deadly sarin gas in five Tokyo subwaycars. 5500 sick.
  • 2003 - US bombs Iraq with 39 cruise missiles fired from stealth bombers on Baghdad starting Second Gulf War.
  • 2010 - Eyjafjallajokull volcano in Iceland awakens and, over the next few days, fire fountains spew hot magma choking European skies and grounding flights.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Cuthbert (died today A.D. 687)
  • Herbert
  • Martin of Braga

Holiday:

  • Independence Day Tunisia (1956)

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • SHROVE TUESDAY. Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fastnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S. & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
  • ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
  • PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
  • HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring), celebrated early March
  • LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
  • SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
  • CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
  • TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
  • PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
  • PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
  • MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
  • GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
  • LAILAT AL-QADR, I'D AL-FITR & IDU'L FITAR, Muslim Festivals
  • EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches
  • CHING MING FESTIVAL & QING MING (Singapore), All Souls Day in Far East
  • NOTE; EASTER is also called Ostern in Germany and Switzerland, Pasqua in Italy, Pascua Florida or Domingo de Gloria in Spain, Pâques in France, Velykos in Lithuania, Wielkanoc in Polish, Pasha in Greece, Påske in Norway, Påskdagen in Sweden, Zadig in Armenia, Paschen in The Netherlands, Paschoa in Portugal,
  • EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
  • RAMA-NAVAMI, Hindu Festival of Rama, celebrated at the end of March
  • CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
  • NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
  • COMMONWEALTH DAY in Britain Second Monday in March
  • MOTHERING SUNDAY - fourth Sunday of Lent celebrated in England

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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