Born On This Day:
- Sir Christopher Wren, 1632
- Lord Palmerston (Henry John Temple), 1784
- Arthur Rimbaud, 1854
- Charles Ives, 1874
- Bela Lugosi, 1884
- Margaret Dumont, 1889
- Dame Anna Neagle, 1904
- Arlene Francis, 1908
- Art Buchwald, 1925
- Mickey Mantle, 1931
- Jerry Orbach, 1935
- Juan Marichal, 1938
- Tom Petty, 1953
- Viggo Mortensen, 1958
- Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, 1966
Died On This Day:
- Sir Richard Burton, 1890
- Charles Dudley Warner, 1900
- Eugene V. Debs, 1926
- Herbert Hoover, 1964
- Merle Travis, 1983
- Sir Anthony Quayle, 1989
- Joel McCrea, 1990
- Burt Lancaster, 1994
- Jane Wyatt, 2006
- Bob Guccione, 2010
- Muammar Gaddafi killed, 2011
- Oscar de la Renta, 2014
- 480 BC - History's first major naval battle - Battle of Salamis. Greek fleet under Themistocles defeats much larger Persian naval forces.
- 1600 - Tokugawa Family army defeats Ishida in Battle of Sekigahara.
- 1774 - Continental Congress prohibits entertainment in the colonies including horse racing and theatricals.
- 1818 - U.S. & Britain agree to definition of borders between US and Canada as 49th parallel.
- 1822 - Sunday Times first published in England.
- 1827 - Victory of British/French/Russian fleet over Egyptian/Turkish fleet in Greek War Independence.
- 1883 - Treaty of Ancon ends War of Pacific between Chile and Peru.
- 1894 - Nicholas II, last Russian Emperor, ascends to throne of Russia on death of father Alexander III. Crowned 5/14/96
- 1922 - Mussolini seizes power in Italy after march on Rome.
- 1927 - First Model A Ford rolls off the production line. (Goes on sale in four colors on 12/2.)
- 1939 - Frank Capra's film triumph 'Mr. Smith Goes to Washington' opens in NY starring Jimmy Stewart.
- 1944 - U.S. troops under Gen. Douglas MacArthur begin invasion of Philippines. WWII
- 1947 - House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Hollywood Communism.
- 1952 - Mau Mau uprising in Kenya, East Africa against British rule begins, quickly suppressed.
- 1955 - Ira Levin's 'No Time for Sergeants' starts 796 performance run on Broadway.
- 1968 - Jaqueline Kennedy, 39, marries Aristotle Onassis, 68, on Greek island of Skorpios.
- 1971 - 'Jesus Christ Superstar' opens at Mark Hellinger Theatre, NY.
- 1973 - Sydney Opera House opens in Australia.
- 1982 - Soccer disaster in Moscow during Soviet vs. Dutch crushes 340 fans; Affair hushed up for 7 years.
- 1984 - World's largest aquarium at Monterey Bay, California opens for business.
- 1991 - Fire in hills of Oakland, California cause $1.75 billion damage.
- 2005 - 1918 'Jenny' 24 cent block of 4 stamps with inverted airplane reaches world record $2,970,000 in New York. (see 7/19/79)
- 2011 - Fall of Sirte and killing of Muammar Gaddafi in Libya finally brings 42 year-old regime to an end.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Bertilla Boscardin
- John of Kanti
- Capracius of Agen
- Andrew of Crete
- National Heroes Day in Jamaica
- Revolution Day in Guatemala
- Kenyatta Day celebrated in Kenya
- CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
- DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
- PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
- LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
- CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
- DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
- BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
- RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
- CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
- COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
- DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
- MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
- THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October
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