Born On This Day:
- King Richard III, 1452
- Nat Turner, 1800
- Paul von Hindenburg, 1847
- Marshal Ferdinand Foch, 1851
- Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi, 1869
- Wallace Stevens, 1879
- Groucho Marx, 1895
- Bud Abbott, 1895
- Graham Greene, 1904
- Jan Morris, 1926
- Clay Felker, 1928
- Spanky MacFarland, 1928
- Moses Gunn, 1929
- Johnnie Cochran Jr., 1937
- Rex Reed, 1938
- Don MacLean, 1945
- Donna Karan, 1948
- Richard Hell, 1949
- Persis Khambata, 1950
- Sting (Gordon Sumner), 1951
- Lorraine Bracco, 1955
- Tiffany, 1971
Died On This Day:
- Samuel Adams, 1803
- Sir Thomas Lipton, 1931
- Hattie McDaniel, 1952
- Marie Stopes, 1958
- Marcel Duchamp, 1968
- Harry Golden, 1981
- William Bernbach, 1982
- Rock Hudson AIDS, 1986
- Madeleine Carroll, 1987
- Harriet Nelson, 1994
- Gene Autry, 1998
- Nipsey Russell, 2005
- August Wilson, 2005
- Tom Petty, 2017
- 1187 - Saladin, most famous Muslim military hero, captures Jerusalem.
- 1608 - First refracting telescope completed by Johannes Lippershey; commissioned by Dutch government.
- 1836 - HMS Beagle arrives at Falmouth England after a voyage of 4 years 9 months; Darwin goes home.
- 1866 - Tin can with key opener patented by inventor J. Osterhoudt of New York.
- 1870 - Rome made capital of a united Italy; Pope Pius IX imprisons himself in Vatican.
- 1904 - Germans begin genocide of Herero tribesmen in Namibia; population of 120,000 now only 15,000.
- 1909 - First Rugby football match played at Twickenham, England.
- 1925 - John Logie Baird makes first television transmission in history in attic of home in London.
- 1937 - Moses Baca and Samuel Caldwell become first marihuana user and dealer to be convicted under Federal Law; Caldwell gets four years hard labor.
- 1946 - First television soap opera, 'Faraway Hill' broadcast live from Wanamakers Store in NY for WNEW.
- 1946 - Scientists first propose theory that cigarette smoking causes cancer at University of Buffalo.
- 1950 - A comic strip called 'Peanuts' with Charlie Brown first appears illustrated by Charles Schulz.
- 1958 - Eugene O'Neill's 'A Touch of the Poet' opens on Broadway at Helen Hayes Theatre.
- 1959 - Rod Serling's seminal TV series 'The Twilight Zone' premieres on television.
- 1962 - Johnny Carson takes over as host of NBC's 'The Tonight Show' with sidekick Ed McMahon.
- 1967 - Thurgood Marshall becomes first Black Supreme Court Associate Justice.
- 1984 - Richard Miller becomes first FBI agent to be arrested as a spy.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Independence Day Guinea (1958)
- Day of Durga wife of Siva (Hindu)
- Public Holiday India celebrating Mahatma Gandhi's birthday
- CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
- DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
- PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
- LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
- CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
- DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
- BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
- RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
- CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
- COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
- DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
- MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
- THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October
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