Born On This Day:
- Empress Elizabeth Russia, 1707
- Joseph Grimaldi (Joey the Clown), 1779
- Paul Klee, 1879
- Ty Cobb, 1886
- Robert Moses, 1888
- Gladys Cooper, 1889
- Christopher Fry, 1907
- Abe Burrows, 1910
- Jules Dassin, 1911
- Willy Brandt, 1913
- Betty Grable, 1916
- Ossie Davis, 1917
- Ramsey Clark, 1927
- Prince William of Gloucester, 1941
- Keith Richards, 1943
- Steven Spielberg, 1946
- Leonard Maltin, 1950
- Brad Pitt, 1963
- Christina Aguilera, 1980
Died On This Day:
- Antonio Stradivari, 1737
- Samuel Rogers, 1855
- Jack 'Legs' Diamond shot, 1931
- Heywood C. Broun, 1939
- Bobby Jones, 1971
- Aleksey Kosygin, 1980
- Mark Goodson, 1992
- Sam Wanamaker, 1993
- Conor Cruise O'Brien, 2008
- Václav Havel, 2011
- Ronnie Biggs, 2013
- Mandy Rice-Davies, 2014
- Zsa Zsa Gabor, 2016
- 1774 - Empress Maria Theresa expels all Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia.
- 1787 - New Jersey becomes the third State to ratify constitution and be admitted to Union
- 1796 - First Sunday newspaper appears-the Sunday Monitor in Baltimore.
- 1839 - First photograph of a celestial body - the moon - taken by John William Draper of New York City.
- 1849 - Ten years after Draper, William Bond takes first photo of moon through a telescope.
- 1862 - First orthopedic hospital opens in New York - Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled.
- 1865 - Slavery in the United States abolished by ratification of 13th Amendment.
- 1890 - Uganda occupied by British East Africa Company.
- 1898 - Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat, a French racing car driver, sets the first auto land speed record of 39mph in Acheres, Yvelines in a Jeantaud electric car.
- 1903 - U.S.-Panama Treaty places Canal Zone in U.S. hands.
- 1907 - French aviator Louis Bleriot demonstrates new plane at Issy and wrecks it.
- 1912 - Discovery of Piltdown Man announced, later discovered to be a hoax.
- 1936 - First giant panda, Su-Lin, imported from China to San Francisco by Mrs. William Harkness.
- 1957 - America's first civilian nuclear power plant at Shippingport Atomic Power Station, PA, generates first electrical power.
- 1969 - House of Lords in Britain approves resolution of House of Commons to ban capital punishment.
- 1994 - Enormous underground cavern with Stone Age murals discovered in mountains of southern France.
- 1997 - Worlds record Nile perch weighing 213.8 lbs caught in Lake Nasser, Egypt by Adrian Brayshaw.
- 2002 - Robert L. Johnson becomes first black to own major pro sports team - NBA basketball in Charlotte.
- 2002 - Insurance company Conseco files for bankruptcy, fourth largest in history.
- 2011 - Last US troops leave Iraq after nine-year war that killed 4,486, seriously wounded 32,226, and cost US taxpayers a trillion dollars.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Republic Day celebrated in Niger
- ADVENT SUNDAY, Sunday nearest to feast of Saint Andrew (Nov. 30) whether before or after.
- CHANUKKA (Jewish Feast of Lights), eight day holiday beginning on 25th day of lunar month Kislev.
- TSAO CHÜN, Festival of the Kitchen God in China (23rd day of the twelfth moon (or 24th in Kwantung)
- CH'U HSI, Night of the Thirtieth (29th day of the twelfth moon)
- KWANZAA - African American Heritage celebrated December 26 - January 1
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