Born On This Day:
- Pope Pius II, 1405
- Czar Peter II, 1715
- John Adams, 1735
- Thomas Love Peacock, 1785
- Emperor Frederick III Germany, 1831
- Henri Bergson, 1859
- Fannie Hurst, 1889
- Leo G. Carroll, 1892
- Lotte Lenya, 1898
- A. J. Liebling, 1904
- Sidney Kingsley, 1906
- Pierre Trudeau, 1919
- Jesse Helms, 1921
- Melina Mercouri, 1925
- Chuck Berry, 1926
- George C. Scott, 1927
- Inger Stevens, 1934
- Peter Boyle, 1935
- Lee Harvey Oswald, 1939
- Mike Ditka, 1939
- Laura Nyro, 1947
- Wendy Wasserstein, 1950
- Pam Dawber, 1951
- Tommy Hearns, 1958
- Jean-Claude Van Damme, 1960
- Wynton Marsalis, 1961
- Michael Stich, 1968
- Zac Ephron, 1987
Died On This Day:
- Pope Gregory XII, 1417
- Pope Pius III, 1503
- Queen Margaret Scotland, 1541
- Saint Paul of the Cross, 1775
- Lord Palmerston, 1865
- Charles Babbage, 1871
- Charles Gounod, 1893
- Lucy Stone, 1893
- Thomas Alva Edison, 1931
- Walt Kelly, 1973
- Pierre Mendes-France, 1982
- Bess Truman, 1982
- Red Rum (racehorse), 1995
- Gwen Verdon, 2000
- 1016 - Danish King Canute the Great triumphs over English army under Edmund 'Ironside' in the Battle of Assandun in Essex, England.
- 1648 - Shoemakers and coopers of Boston become first labor organizations allowed to meet.
- 1685 - Louis XIV revokes edict of Nantes forbidding Protestantism in France. Thousands flee.
- 1767 - Mason-Dixon Line (border between Maryland and Pennsylvania) established; north and south defined.
- 1867 - U.S. takes possession of its newest territory, Alaska; ratified by Senate on April 9.
- 1878 - Laws against socialism in Germany drives movement underground.
- 1896 - Guiness World Records says that "The Yellow Kid" comic strip is earliest printed today. No! See 5/5/95.
- 1898 - US takes control of Puerto Rico.
- 1912 - Turkey and Italy sign Treaty of Lausanne ending Tripolitan War.
- 1918 - Czechoslovakia declares independence.
- 1922 - British Broadcasting Company (not yet 'corporation'). BBC, founded with John Reith as first mgr.
- 1924 - Red Grange becomes known as 'the galloping ghost' in greatest football touchdown display.
- 1937 - Rheims Cathedral re-consecrated.
- 1969 - U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare bans use of cyclamates as sweeteners.
- 2006 - Dow Jones Industrial average breaks 12,000 briefly before falling back.
Feast Day of Saint:
- CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
- DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
- PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
- LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
- CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
- DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
- BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
- RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
- CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
- COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
- DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
- MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
- NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
- THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October
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