18 OCTOBER
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Pope Pius II, 1405
  • Czar Peter II, 1715
  • John Adams, 1735
  • Thomas Love Peacock, 1785
  • Emperor Frederick III Germany, 1831
  • Henri Bergson, 1859
  • Fannie Hurst, 1889
  • Leo G. Carroll, 1892
  • Lotte Lenya, 1898
  • A. J. Liebling, 1904
  • Sidney Kingsley, 1906
  • Pierre Trudeau, 1919
  • Jesse Helms, 1921
  • Melina Mercouri, 1925
  • Chuck Berry, 1926
  • George C. Scott, 1927
  • Inger Stevens, 1934
  • Peter Boyle, 1935
  • Lee Harvey Oswald, 1939
  • Mike Ditka, 1939
  • Laura Nyro, 1947
  • Wendy Wasserstein, 1950
  • Pam Dawber, 1951
  • Tommy Hearns, 1958
  • Jean-Claude Van Damme, 1960
  • Wynton Marsalis, 1961
  • Michael Stich, 1968
  • Zac Ephron, 1987

Died On This Day:

  • Pope Gregory XII, 1417
  • Pope Pius III, 1503
  • Queen Margaret Scotland, 1541
  • Saint Paul of the Cross, 1775
  • Lord Palmerston, 1865
  • Charles Babbage, 1871
  • Charles Gounod, 1893
  • Lucy Stone, 1893
  • Thomas Alva Edison, 1931
  • Walt Kelly, 1973
  • Pierre Mendes-France, 1982
  • Bess Truman, 1982
  • Red Rum (racehorse), 1995
  • Gwen Verdon, 2000

Today's Events:

  • 1016 - Danish King Canute the Great triumphs over English army under Edmund 'Ironside' in the Battle of Assandun in Essex, England.
  • 1648 - Shoemakers and coopers of Boston become first labor organizations allowed to meet.
  • 1685 - Louis XIV revokes edict of Nantes forbidding Protestantism in France. Thousands flee.
  • 1767 - Mason-Dixon Line (border between Maryland and Pennsylvania) established; north and south defined.
  • 1867 - U.S. takes possession of its newest territory, Alaska; ratified by Senate on April 9.
  • 1878 - Laws against socialism in Germany drives movement underground.
  • 1896 - Guiness World Records says that "The Yellow Kid" comic strip is earliest printed today. No! See 5/5/95.
  • 1898 - US takes control of Puerto Rico.
  • 1912 - Turkey and Italy sign Treaty of Lausanne ending Tripolitan War.
  • 1918 - Czechoslovakia declares independence.
  • 1922 - British Broadcasting Company (not yet 'corporation'). BBC, founded with John Reith as first mgr.
  • 1924 - Red Grange becomes known as 'the galloping ghost' in greatest football touchdown display.
  • 1937 - Rheims Cathedral re-consecrated.
  • 1969 - U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare bans use of cyclamates as sweeteners.
  • 2006 - Dow Jones Industrial average breaks 12,000 briefly before falling back.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Luke
  • Justus of Beauvais

Holiday:

  • Alaska Day

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • CHUSOK (Korea) on day of full moon of eighth lunar month.
  • DURGA-PUJA (Hindu festival of Goddess Durga)
  • PITRA PASKSHA and AMAVASYA, Hindu Feast of the Dead.
  • LAKSHMI PUJA, Hindu Festival of the Goddess of Fortune
  • CHUNG CHI'U CHIEH (Chinese mid-autumn festival) 15th day of 8th lunar month.
  • DIVALI (India) five day autumn festival.
  • BHRATRI DWITYA, Hindu Festival of Brothers
  • RAMADAN, Muslim holy month
  • CHILD HEALTH DAY - first Monday in October in USA
  • COLUMBUS DAY - first Monday in October
  • DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME ENDS - last Sunday in October set clocks back
  • MOTHER-IN-LAW DAY - celebrated fourth Sunday in October in US
  • NATIONAL CHILDREN'S DAY - second Sunday in October in USA
  • THANKSGIVING DAY IN CANADA - second Monday in October

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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