13 MARCH
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Louis duc d'Orleans, 1372
  • Richard Burbage, 1567
  • Pope Innocent XII, 1615
  • Joseph Priestley, 1733
  • Emperor Joseph II, 1741
  • Percival Lowell, 1855
  • Sir Hugh Walpole, 1884
  • Walter Annenberg, 1908
  • L. Ron Hubbard, 1911
  • Sammy Kaye, 1913
  • William Casey, 1913
  • Mike Stoller, 1933
  • Neil Sedaka, 1939
  • Dana Delaney, 1956

Died On This Day:

  • John Barbour, 1395
  • Henry Shrapnel, 1842
  • Czar Alexander II of Russia assassinated, 1881
  • Benjamin Harrison, 1901
  • Susan B. Anthony, 1904
  • Clarence Darrow, 1938
  • Steven Vincent Benet, 1943
  • John Middleton Murry, 1957
  • John Holmes, 1988
  • Garson Kanin, 1999
  • Maureen Stapleton, 2006

Today's Events:

  • 1462 - Gutenberg Bible printed.
  • 1639 - Harvard College so named as John Harvard leaves fortune in cash and books to school.
  • 1758 - Halley's comet comes to perihelion as Halley predicted in 1682 & Again 1986.
  • 1781 - Planet Uranus discovered by William Herschel and named Georgium Sidus after patron George III.
  • 1852 - 'Uncle Sam' first depicted in cartoon in the New York Lantern.
  • 1868 - Andrew Johnson's impeachment proceedings begin for high crimes & misdemeanors.
  • 1884 - Standard time established in U.S.
  • 1887 - Chester Greenwood of Maine receives patent for earmuffs.
  • 1905 - Conclusive battle of Russo Japanese War at Mukden, southern Manchuria; Japanese hurt 200,000.
  • 1926 - Alan Cobham flies from Capetown to Croydon becoming first to fly across Africa.
  • 1928 - St. Francis dam bursts killing 450 in Los Angeles.
  • 1930 - Planet Pluto discovery announced by Clyde Tombaugh, confirming Percival Lowell's 1914 calculations.
  • 1943 - Disgruntled army officers' plot to kill Hitler by blowing up his plane fails.
  • 1947 - Harry S. establishes 'the Truman Doctrine' to help Greece and Turkey resist Communism.
  • 1964 - 37 Queens, NY residents witness stabbing of Kitty Genovese over 2 hour period without calling cops.
  • 1970 - 18 year olds in England can now vote.
  • 1974 - Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris opens for business.
  • 1985 - Mikhail Gorbachev takes office in the USSR.
  • 1996 - Dunblane massacre of 16 children and teacher in Scotland becomes rally point for anti-gun legislation.
  • 2008 - Gold prices hit $1,000 for the first time on the New York Mercantile Exchange.
  • 2013 - First Pope from the new world: Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, becomes Pope.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Euphrasia, Gerald

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • SHROVE TUESDAY. Day before Ash Wednesday. Also called Fastnacht (eve of the fast) in Germany, Carnival (farewell to meat) in Italy, Mardi Gras in Brazil and U.S. & Pancake Tuesday in Britain.
  • ASH WEDNESDAY, moveable feast day celebrated 40 days (ex-Sundays) before Easter.
  • PURIM or Feast of Lots (Jewish), celebrated on 14th or 15th of lunar month Adar.
  • HOLI (Hindu festival of Spring), celebrated early March
  • LENT, called Careme in France, Quaresima in Italy and the Great Fast in Eastern Orthodoxy. (between Feb and April)
  • SUNDAY OF THE GREAT FIRES, first Sunday in Lent.
  • CARLING SUNDAY, fifth Sunday in Lent celebrated in Britain
  • TENG CHIEH, Feast of lanterns in China (Fifteenth day of the First Moon)
  • PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
  • PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
  • MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
  • GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
  • LAILAT AL-QADR, I'D AL-FITR & IDU'L FITAR, Muslim Festivals
  • EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the vernal equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches
  • CHING MING FESTIVAL & QING MING (Singapore), All Souls Day in Far East
  • NOTE; EASTER is also called Ostern in Germany and Switzerland, Pasqua in Italy, Pascua Florida or Domingo de Gloria in Spain, Pâques in France, Velykos in Lithuania, Wielkanoc in Polish, Pasha in Greece, Påske in Norway, Påskdagen in Sweden, Zadig in Armenia, Paschen in The Netherlands, Paschoa in Portugal,
  • EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
  • RAMA-NAVAMI, Hindu Festival of Rama, celebrated at the end of March
  • CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
  • NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
  • COMMONWEALTH DAY in Britain Second Monday in March
  • MOTHERING SUNDAY - fourth Sunday of Lent celebrated in England

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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