Born On This Day:
- Roman Emperor Claudius, 10 BC
- William Clark, 1770
- Francis Scott Key, 1779
- Herman Melville, 1819
- Jack Kramer, 1921
- Arthur Hill, 1922
- Shimon Peres, 1923
- Lionel Bart, 1930
- Meir Kahane, 1932
- Dom DeLuise, 1933
- Yves Saint Laurent, 1936
- Ronald Brown, 1941
- Jerry Garcia, 1942
- Giancarlo Giannini, 1942
- Sam Mendes, 1965
- Tempest Bledsoe, 1973
- Edgerrin James, 1978
Died On This Day:
- Byzantine Emperor Justin I, AD 527
- Louis VI France, 1137
- Henry III of France stabbed, 1589
- Queen Anne, 1714
- Alexander Graham Bell, 1922
- Israel Zangwill, 1926
- Francis Gary Powers killed, 1977
- Paddy Chayefsky, 1981
- Pola Negri, 1987
- Florence Eldridge, 1988
- Eva Bartok , 1998
- Corazon Aquino, 2009
- 1498 - Christopher Columbus sets foot on mainland America for first time at Paria Peninsula, Venezuela.
- 1714 - George I proclaimed King upon the death of Queen Anne. Coronation October 28.
- 1774 - Chemist Joseph Priestley identifies gas that would later be named oxygen by Antoine Lavoisier.
- 1790 - America's first census completed; shows 3,939,326 in 16 States and Ohio Territory.
- 1791 - 70 years before Lincoln, wealthy Virginia landowner Robert Carter III frees 500 of his slaves.
- 1793 - Metre defined - 1/10,000,000th of northern quadrant of Paris meridian.
- 1798 - Horatio Nelson destroys French fleet off Aboukir-Battle of the Nile.
- 1831 - After 6 years, New London Bridge composed of 5 arches of Dartmore granite, opens to traffic.
- 1834 - Slavery abolished in all British possessions; 770,280 slaves are instantly freed.
- 1861 - Confederate patent number 1 issued to James J. Van Houten of Savannah, GA for breech-loading gun.
- 1861 - The Times becomes the first British newspaper to publish the first Met Office daily weather forecast; "general weather probable in the next two days."
- 1873 - World's first cable car put into service in San Francisco on Clay Street Hill.
- 1874 - DDT invented.
- 1876 - Colorado 38th state admitted to Union.
- 1893 - Machine to make shredded wheat breakfast cereal patented by Henry Perky & William Ford.
- 1894 - Japan declares war on China over Korean problem.
- 1911 - Harriet Quimby becomes first woman granted pilot's license by Aero Club of America.
- 1914 - Germany declares war on Russia; Czar Nicholas alerts 4 million troops; first shots fired! (WWI)
- 1936 - Olympic games open in Berlin with ceremony presided over by Adolf Hitler who is saluted by 100,000 fans.
- 1944 - Polish uprising as partisans try to drive Nazis from Warsaw; 200,000 dead Poles in next 63 days.
- 1944 - Chief of Nazi SS and Gestapo Heinrich Himmler issues order to kill 20,000 gypsies at Auschwitz.
- 1946 - Atomic Energy Commission established.
- 1950 - Guam organized as a U.S. territory.
- 1956 - Dr. Jonas E. Salk's polio vaccine made available to masses.
- 1966 - Military coup in Nigeria.
- 1981 - MTV, Music Television, goes on the air. First video is 'Video Killed the Radio Star' by Buggles.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Faith, Hope & Charity
- Independence Day Benin (1960)
- Swiss Independence Day (1291)
- Lammas Day
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- JANAM (OR JANMA) ASHTAMI, Hindu Birthday Festival of Krishna
- ANANT CHATURDASI, Hindu Eternal Anniversary of 14th day of Month Bhaedra
- CH'UNG YANG, Festival of High Places in China (ninth day of the ninth moon)
- Japanese visit graves of ancestors mid August
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God end of August
- FRIENDSHIP DAY - first Sunday in August in USA
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