Born On This Day:
- King Frederick II Denmark, 1534
- Gottfried Leibnitz, 1646
- Georg Lichtenberg, 1742
- George Sand, 1804
- Louis Bleriot, 1872
- James M. Cain, 1892
- Charles Laughton, 1899
- William Wyler, 1902
- Estée Lauder, 1908
- Olivia De Havilland, 1916
- Farley Granger, 1925
- Leslie Caron, 1931
- Jean Marsh, 1934
- Sydney Pollack, 1934
- Jamie Farr, 1934
- Twyla Tharp, 1941
- Karen Black, 1942
- Genevieve Bujold, 1942
- Debbie Harry, 1945
- Dan Ackroyd, 1951
- Diana, Princess of Wales, 1961
- Carl Lewis, 1961
- Pamela Anderson Lee, 1967
- Liv Tyler, 1977
Died On This Day:
- Charles Goodyear, 1860
- Allan Pinkerton, 1884
- Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1896
- Eric Satie, 1925
- Ben Turpin, 1940
- Pierre Monteux, 1964
- Juan Peron, 1974
- C. P. Snow, 1980
- Buckminster Fuller, 1983
- Michael Landon, 1991
- Wolfman Jack, 1995
- Margaux Hemingway suicide, 1996
- Robert Mitchum, 1997
- Edward Dmytryk, 1999
- Sylvia Sidney, 1999
- Walter Matthau, 2000
- Herbie Mann, 2003
- Marlon Brando, 2004
- Karl Malden, 2009
- 1690 - Battle of the Boyne (Ireland); King William III Prince of Orange defeats James II at Boyne River.
- 1731 - Benjamin Franklin establishes America's first public library.
- 1770 - Lexell's Comet traveling at 23.9 miles per second comes within 1.5 million miles of Earth.
- 1847 - First official U.S. adhesive postage stamps issued 5¢ and 10¢. (See Feb 15, 1842- NY private mail)
- 1852 - First postage stamp issued in India.
- 1858 - Darwin's natural selection and evolution theories first revealed in meeting at Linnean Society, London.
- 1859 - First intercollegiate baseball game played in Pittsfield, Mass. Amherst over Williams 66-32
- 1862 - Confederates defeat Union army at Battle of Malvern Hill.
- 1863 - Slavery ends in Dutch West Indies.
- 1863 - Battle of Gettysburg begins. Northern Gen. George Meade victorious; Confederacy crumbles in 2 days.
- 1863 - 1867-British North America act - Dominion of Canada set including Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, and Quebec; now called Canada Day.
- 1868 - First New York elevated train, the 9th Avenue El, makes first trial run bet. Cortland St. & Battery Pl.
- 1873 - Prince Edward Island joins Dominion of Canada.
- 1874 - First American kidnapping for ransom. Child held for $20,000.
- 1874 - America's first zoo opens-The Philadelphia Zoological Garden, with bear pit and lion house.
- 1898 - Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders make famous charge at Battle of San Juan Hill, Cuba.
- 1910 - Black and Decker Tool Company founded by Duncan Black and Alonzo Decker in Baltimore.
- 1911 - Charles Kettering announces his invention of the self-starter for automobiles; crank no longer.
- 1916 - First day of the Battle of the Somme finds 57,470 British soldiers dead or wounded in France. WWI
- 1920 - British begin administration of Palestine.
- 1941 - A TV commercial for Bulova Watches at 10:10 p.m. becomes world's first TV spot on WNBT N.Y.
- 1946 - U.S. begins peacetime nuclear testing; Atom Bomb drops on Bikini Atoll in Marshall Islands in Pacific.
- 1966 - Last of at least 31 attempts to assassinate French President Charles de Gaulle; bomb in Paris car.
- 1969 - Prince Charles invested Prince of Wales.
- 1979 - U.S. Treasury issues disastrous Susan B. Anthony dollar coin.
- 1997 - At 12:01 A.M. this morning Hong Kong reverts from Britain to the People's Republic of China.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Simeon Salus
- Saints Cosma and Damiano in Greece
- National holidays in Ghana and Guatemala
- Canada Day, which used to be known as Dominion Day (1867)
- Independence Day Burundi (1962)
- Conception of Gantama Buddha
- JAGANNATH, RATHA YATRA, Hindu Festival of Car Procession of Vishnu
- CHI HSI, Festival of the Milky Way in China (seventh day of the seventh moon)
- CHUNG YÜAN, Festival of the Dead in China (fifteenth day of the seventh moon)
- NAGA PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of the Serpent God
- RAKHI, Hindu Festival to Pledge Protection
- CHUNG-CH'IU, Mid-autumn festival, Harvest or Moon Festival (fifteenth day of the eighth moon)
- TISH'AH B'AB (Jewish) Anniversary of fall of Jerusalem and destruction of first & 2nd temples Ab 9
- NEBUTA, Japanese Festival at peak of summer to drive off lethargy
- SOMA NOMAOI, Japanese Festival of samurai equestrian displays
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