Born On This Day:
- King Rudolph I Germany, 1218
- Joseph Addison, 1672
- Arthur Wellesley Duke of Wellington, 1769
- Mother Jones (Mary Harris Jones), 1830
- Calamity Jane (Martha Jane Canary), 1852
- General Mark Clark, 1896
- Kate Smith, 1909
- Louis Nye, 1913
- Glenn Ford, 1916
- Joseph Heller, 1923
- Terry Southern, 1924
- Scott Carpenter, 1925
- Judy Collins, 1939
- Rita Coolidge, 1944
- Joanna Lumley, 1946
Died On This Day:
- Pope Pius V, 1572
- John Dryden, 1700
- David Livingstone, 1873
- Antonin Dvorak, 1904
- Joseph Goebbels suicide, 1945
- Spike Jones, 1965
- Aram Khachaturian , 1978
- Gordon Jenkins, 1984
- Sergio Franchi, 1990
- Eldridge Cleaver, 1998
- AD 305 - Roman Emperors Diocletian and Maximian abdicate; Galerius and Constantius succeed them.
- 1169 - Normans invade Ireland at the behest of Dermot MacMurrough, King of Leinster.
- 1704 - Print advertising first appears in the Boston News-Letter.
- 1707 - England and Scotland joined under the name 'United Kingdom.' Union Jack adopted.
- 1786 - Mozart's opera 'The Marriage of Figaro' first performed in Vienna.
- 1819 - Freedom of the Press in France.
- 1840 - World's first postage stamp, the Penny Black, goes on sale in England; invented by Rowland Hill.
- 1851 - Great Exhibition opened by Queen Victoria at the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London. first trade fair.
- 1863 - Union forces defeated by Confederates at Battle of Chancellorsville.
- 1865 - Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay form alliance against Paraguay.
- 1873 - America's first postcard with stamp printed on it issued - value 1˘.
- 1876 - Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India.
- 1884 - World's first skyscraper begins construction in Chicago-Home Insurance Co.
- 1886 - National strikes in the US and Canada for an 8-hour day - origin of Mayday as working class holiday.
- 1888 - Nikola Tesla patents seven inventions including his Electrical Transmission of Power, a new mode of transmission of alternating current.
- 1893 - 3/4 of entire population of Chicago (70,000) attend opening of Columbian Exposition World's Fair.
- 1898 - Victory of U.S. Navy under George Dewey over Spanish fleet at Battle of Manila Bay.
- 1902 - In Paris, Georges Melies exhibits unique movie 'A Trip to the Moon'; first with special effects.
- 1912 - Beverly Hills Hotel opens for business.
- 1931 - Empire State Building, world's largest, opens; Pres Hoover lights lobby from button in Oval Office.
- 1931 - First Baha'i temple opens at Wilmette, Ill.
- 1939 - Batman Detective Comics launched.
- 1941 - Orson Welles' 'Citizen Kane' premieres at Radio City Music Hall.
- 1945 - Berlin captured by Russians WWII.
- 1960 - U.S. spy Francis Gary Powers shot down over Russia in a U2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk.
- 1961 - First airplane skyjack by Antillo Ortiz. National Airlines twin-engine Convair flown to Havana.
- 1965 - Beatles give their last live performance in England at Wembley Stadium.
- 1967 - Elvis Presley marries Priscilla Beaulieu at the Aladdin Hotel in Las Vegas; honeymoon in Palm Springs.
- 1971 - Amtrak, the U.S. railroad passenger service, goes into service.
- 1975 - A year after he beat Babe Ruth's homer record, Hank Aaron breaks RBI record of 2,209.
- 2005 - Thai fishermen catch world's record Mekong giant catfish 9 feet long (2.7 meters) weighing 646 lbs; villagers ate it.
Feast Day of Saint:
- James the Less and Philip
- Peregrine Laziosi
- Central American Tree Ceremony
- Law Day and Loyalty Day in U.S
- Day of Bona Dea
- May Day
- Morris Danegins
- International Labor Day
- Day of German Labor
- Constitution Day in Austria
- Day of Flowers in Greece
- Maharashtra Day in India
- VESAK (Commemoration of birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha) celebrated Southeast Asia.
- MOTHER'S DAY (U.S.), second Sunday in May
- FESTIVAL OF JOAN OF ARC in France, second Sunday in May
- MEMORIAL DAY (U.S.), Last Monday in May
- PROCESSION OF THE HOLY BLOOD in Belgium on first Monday after May 2.
- TANO FESTIVAL (Korea) on 5th day of 5th lunar month.
- TUAN WU CHIEH or Dragon Boat Festival (China) 5th day of 5th lunar month.
- ASCENSION DAY (Christian) 40th day after Easter.
- PENTACOST (Christian) or Whitsunday (Anglican) 50 days after Easter.
- TRINITY SUNDAY (Christian), Sunday after Pentecost.
- CORPUS CHRISTI (Christian), Thursday after Trinity Sunday.
- I'D AL-HAJJ, Muslim Festival
- ARANYA SHASHTI, Hindu Festival honoring god of the forest
- BUDDHA PURNIMA, Hindu Festival, celebrated early May
- GANGA DASSHERA, Hindu Festival, celebrated end of May
- ARMED FORCES DAY in US - third Saturday in May
- NATIONAL DAY OF PRAYER in US - first Thursday in May
- NATIONAL DEFENSE TRANSPORTATION DAY - third Friday in May in US
- NATIONAL TEACHER'S DAY - Tuesday in the first full week in May in US
- VICTORIA DAY - first Monday before May 25, celebrating Queen Victoria's birthday in Canada
- WESAK FESTIVAL celebrated in the eastern hemisphere at the Taurus full moon, beginning of May
- GOODWILL FESTIVAL celebrated at the Gemini full moon, end of May
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