Born On This Day:
- Eliot Ness, 1903
- Frank Fontaine, 1920
- Hugh O'Brian, 1925
- Don Adams, 1927
- Alexis Korner, 1928
- Fernando Botero, 1932
- Jayne Mansfield, 1932
- Dudley Moore, 1935
- Alan Price, 1942
- Paloma Picasso, 1949
- Ruby Wax, 1953
- Ashley Judd, 1968
- Kate Hudson, 1979
- Maria Sharapova, 1987
Died On This Day:
- Pope Leo IX, 1054
- Queen Christina Sweden, 1689
- Benjamin Rush, 1813
- Lord Byron, 1824
- Benjamin Disraeli, 1881
- Charles Darwin, 1882
- Pierre Curie, 1906
- Joe Laurie, Jr., 1954
- Konrad Adenauer, 1967
- Daphne du Maurier, 1989
- Frankie Howerd, 1992
- Norris McWhirter, 2004
- J. G. Ballard, 2009
- 1587 - Sir Francis Drake leads raid of 26 ships in Cadiz harbor destroying 30 Spanish galleons.
- 1775 - U.S. War of Independence begins with British defeat at battle of Lexington and Concord which Ralph Waldo Emerson in 1837 called 'the shot heard 'round the world.'
- 1839 - Treaty of London separates Belgium and Netherlands with Luxembourg independent.
- 1892 - The first automobile for sale completed by Charles Edgar Duryea in Springfield, Mass.
- 1897 - First Boston marathon run; winner is John J. McDermott of New York City in 2 hrs, 55 min.
- 1905 - Researcher Jos. Goldberg proves pellagra is caused by poor nutrition; can be cured by B vitamins.
- 1906 - San Francisco earthquake ends, fire continues.
- 1911 - First performance by Diaghilev's Ballets Russes of 'Le Spectre de la Rose' in Russia.
- 1943 - Warsaw Ghetto uprising begins as Jews organized resistance begins; Nazis crush ghetto in a month.
- 1943 - Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann takes first LSD trip seeing "demons and witches" and fearing insanity.
- 1956 - Prince Rainier, the Prince of Monaco marries American actress Grace Kelly at Monte Carlo
- 1965 - First all-news radio format goes on the air-WINS, New York.
- 1988 - Record nine million dollars paid for 85.9 carat pear-shaped diamond at Sotheby's, New York.
- 1991 - Heavyweight boxing challenger George Foreman, 42, outpointed by Evander Holyfield.
- 1993 - 86 Branch Davidian cult members under David Koresh die in mass incineration near Waco TX.
- 1995 - Car bomb explosion in Oklahoma City kills 168 and injures 500 at Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building.
- 1999 - Genentech Inc. receives $30 million criminal fine and $20 million in civil penalties for marketing a synthetic human growth hormone without FDA approval.
- 2005 - New Pope elected to succeed the late John Paul II; Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger becomes Pope Benedict XVI.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Leo IX (died today in 1054)
- Primrose Day
- Feast of Sham El-Nesim celebrated in Egypt
- PESACH or Passover (Jewish), begins 15th day of lunar month Nisan thru 22nd
- PALM SUNDAY, Sunday before Easter and first day of Holy Week.
- MAUNDY THURSDAY, Thursday before Easter
- GOOD FRIDAY, Friday before Easter
- EASTER (SUNDAY) (March to May) the first Sunday after the first full moon after the veral equinox (March 22-April 25) in Western churches;
- EASTER MONDAY, Monday after Easter.
- CH'ING MING, Festival of Pure Brightness in China (Beginning of second moon (about March 21)
- NAEFELSERFAHRT, Swiss pilgrimage the first Thursday in April to Näfels
- BAISAKHI (in India) or VOISHU (in Kerala) or BOHAG BIHU (in Assam) - (Hindu New Year Festival)
- VESAK (Commemoration of birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha) celebrated Southeast Asia.
- MOTHER'S DAY (U.S.), second Sunday in May
- FESTIVAL OF JOAN OF ARC in France, second Sunday in May
- MEMORIAL DAY (U.S.), Last Monday in May
- MAHAVIR JAYANTI, Indian festival celebrating birth of Lord Mahavira, celebrated early April
- AKSHAYA TRITIYA, Hindu Festival, celebrated late April
- DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME - begins first Sunday in April - clocks forward
- Arbor Day - last Friday in April
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