20 JANUARY
   
 

Born On This Day:

  • Mischa Elman, 1891
  • George Burns, 1896
  • Aristotle Onassis, 1906
  • Joy Adamson, 1910
  • DeForest Kelley, 1920
  • Federico Fellini, 1920
  • Slim Whitman, 1924
  • Patricia Neal, 1926
  • Robert Orben, 1927
  • Col. Edwin Eugene 'Buzz' Aldrin, 1930
  • Arte Johnson, 1934
  • David Lynch, 1946

Died On This Day:

  • Emperor Rudolf II, 1612
  • Etienne de Silhouette, 1767
  • David Garrick, 1779
  • Sir John Soane, 1837
  • Christian VIII Denmark, 1848
  • John Ruskin, 1900
  • King George V, 1936
  • Robinson Jeffers, 1962
  • Alan Freed, 1965
  • Johnny Weissmuller, 1984
  • Baron Philippe de Rothschild, 1988
  • Beatrice Lillie, 1989
  • Barbara Stanwyck, 1990
  • Audrey Hepburn, 1993
  • Gerry Mulligan, 1996
  • Al Hirschfeld, 2003
  • Etta James, 2012
  • Claudio Abbado, 2014

Today's Events:

  • 1265 - First assembly of the British House of Commons convened by Lord Simon de Montfort.
  • 1327 - King Edward II deposed by eldest son who, on 25 January, becomes King Edward III.
  • 1606 - Severn Estuary floods London; 2,000 die.
  • 1649 - King Charles I brought before high court of justice on treason charges.
  • 1783 - Revolutionary War hostilities end; preliminary papers drawn leading to Treaty of Paris & Versailles.
  • 1831 - Intl conference in London recognizes Belgium as independent, neutral state.
  • 1841 - China cedes Hong Kong ceded to Britain in Chuenpi Convention confirmed by Treaty of Nanking.
  • 1885 - LaMarcus Thompson finally gets patent on his roller coaster which has been a hit in Coney Island.
  • 1887 - Pearl Harbor obtained from Hawaii by U.S. as naval station.
  • 1891 - Queen Liliuokalani succeeds her brother Kalakava as ruler of Hawaiian Islands.
  • 1920 - American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) formed.
  • 1925 - Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson takes office as the first female governor of the State of Texas.
  • 1930 - The Lone Ranger premieres on WXYZ Radio Detroit.
  • 1936 - Edward VIII begins short reign as King of England.
  • 1942 - 15 Nazi SS meet at Wannsee and vote (in 90 minutes) for the 'final solution' to the Jewish 'problem.'
  • 1945 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes first president to serve 4th term.
  • 1945 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes first president to be inaugurated on this day rather than March 4.
  • 1961 - John F. Kennedy's inaugural speech: 'Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can ...'
  • 1964 - First Beatles record album 'Meet the Beatles' released in America.
  • 1966 - Former President Harry S. Truman receives first Medicare card issued.
  • 1981 - Minutes after presidency passes from Carter to Reagan, Iran releases 52 US hostages held 444 days.
  • 2009 - Barack Hussein Obama sworn in as first black president of the United States; 1.2 million people attend inauguration.

Feast Day of Saint:

  • Euthymius the Great
  • St. Agnes' Eve.
  • Sebastian

Holiday:

  • Inauguration Day USA
  • Zodiac: Capricornus ends, Aquarius begins
  • Grandmother's Day in Bulgaria
  • San Sebastian Day celebrated in Brazil

Non-Specific Holiday:

  • YÜAN TAN. Chinese New Year's Day. Based on lunar calendar - starts sunset on day of 2nd New Moon.
  • CHINESE LANTERN FESTIVAL 15th day of first month of lunar calendar marks end of Chinese New Year.
  • TU BI-SHEBAT (Judaism) New Year for Trees, celebrated on 15th of lunar month Shebat.
  • MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY 3rd Monday in January
  • ADULTS DAY in Japan - second Monday in January - 'Seijin no hi'
  • SNOW FESTIVAL - Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
  • GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God
  • VASANT PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of Spring and of Saraswati, Goddess of Learning (end of January)
  • PONGAL AND MAKARA SANKRANTI, mid-January, Harvest festival celebrated in Southern India and Singapore
  • LAILAT AL MIRAJ Muslim Festival celebrating ascent of Muhammad into Heaven
  • JAPANESE NEW YEAR - 3 day festival
  • LOHRI, the Hindu Bonfire Festival, celebrated early January

 

 
   
 
 
 
 
 
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