Born On This Day:
- Mischa Elman, 1891
- George Burns, 1896
- Aristotle Onassis, 1906
- Joy Adamson, 1910
- DeForest Kelley, 1920
- Federico Fellini, 1920
- Slim Whitman, 1924
- Patricia Neal, 1926
- Robert Orben, 1927
- Col. Edwin Eugene 'Buzz' Aldrin, 1930
- Arte Johnson, 1934
- David Lynch, 1946
Died On This Day:
- Emperor Rudolf II, 1612
- Etienne de Silhouette, 1767
- David Garrick, 1779
- Sir John Soane, 1837
- Christian VIII Denmark, 1848
- John Ruskin, 1900
- King George V, 1936
- Robinson Jeffers, 1962
- Alan Freed, 1965
- Johnny Weissmuller, 1984
- Baron Philippe de Rothschild, 1988
- Beatrice Lillie, 1989
- Barbara Stanwyck, 1990
- Audrey Hepburn, 1993
- Gerry Mulligan, 1996
- Al Hirschfeld, 2003
- Etta James, 2012
- Claudio Abbado, 2014
- 1265 - First assembly of the British House of Commons convened by Lord Simon de Montfort.
- 1327 - King Edward II deposed by eldest son who, on 25 January, becomes King Edward III.
- 1606 - Severn Estuary floods London; 2,000 die.
- 1649 - King Charles I brought before high court of justice on treason charges.
- 1783 - Revolutionary War hostilities end; preliminary papers drawn leading to Treaty of Paris & Versailles.
- 1831 - Intl conference in London recognizes Belgium as independent, neutral state.
- 1841 - China cedes Hong Kong ceded to Britain in Chuenpi Convention confirmed by Treaty of Nanking.
- 1885 - LaMarcus Thompson finally gets patent on his roller coaster which has been a hit in Coney Island.
- 1887 - Pearl Harbor obtained from Hawaii by U.S. as naval station.
- 1891 - Queen Liliuokalani succeeds her brother Kalakava as ruler of Hawaiian Islands.
- 1920 - American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) formed.
- 1925 - Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson takes office as the first female governor of the State of Texas.
- 1930 - The Lone Ranger premieres on WXYZ Radio Detroit.
- 1936 - Edward VIII begins short reign as King of England.
- 1942 - 15 Nazi SS meet at Wannsee and vote (in 90 minutes) for the 'final solution' to the Jewish 'problem.'
- 1945 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes first president to serve 4th term.
- 1945 - Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes first president to be inaugurated on this day rather than March 4.
- 1961 - John F. Kennedy's inaugural speech: 'Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can ...'
- 1964 - First Beatles record album 'Meet the Beatles' released in America.
- 1966 - Former President Harry S. Truman receives first Medicare card issued.
- 1981 - Minutes after presidency passes from Carter to Reagan, Iran releases 52 US hostages held 444 days.
- 2009 - Barack Hussein Obama sworn in as first black president of the United States; 1.2 million people attend inauguration.
Feast Day of Saint:
- Euthymius the Great
- St. Agnes' Eve.
- Inauguration Day USA
- Zodiac: Capricornus ends, Aquarius begins
- Grandmother's Day in Bulgaria
- San Sebastian Day celebrated in Brazil
- YÜAN TAN. Chinese New Year's Day. Based on lunar calendar - starts sunset on day of 2nd New Moon.
- CHINESE LANTERN FESTIVAL 15th day of first month of lunar calendar marks end of Chinese New Year.
- TU BI-SHEBAT (Judaism) New Year for Trees, celebrated on 15th of lunar month Shebat.
- MARTIN LUTHER KING DAY 3rd Monday in January
- ADULTS DAY in Japan - second Monday in January - 'Seijin no hi'
- SNOW FESTIVAL - Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
- GANESHA CHATURTHI, Hindu Festival of the Elephant God
- VASANT PANCHAMI, Hindu Festival of Spring and of Saraswati, Goddess of Learning (end of January)
- PONGAL AND MAKARA SANKRANTI, mid-January, Harvest festival celebrated in Southern India and Singapore
- LAILAT AL MIRAJ Muslim Festival celebrating ascent of Muhammad into Heaven
- JAPANESE NEW YEAR - 3 day festival
- LOHRI, the Hindu Bonfire Festival, celebrated early January
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