BROWSE DECADES
   
 

1800's

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Events of the Decade:

Napoleonic Wars continue
Less than 5% of the world's population lives in cities.
Peace of Lunéville bet. Austria and France is beginning of the end of the Holy Roman Empire.
Independence of Equador from Spain
U.S. buys Louisiana Territory and New Orleans from France
Drought and plagues of locusts in India
Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore from Mississippi River to Pacific Ocean
Zebulon Pike explores Rockies and names peak in Colorado
England and Ireland united
British take Malta
War of the Oranges- France and Spain vs. Portugal
Russia takes Georgia
Britain against France, Prussia, and win Cairo
Tripolitan War between U.S. and Tripoli
1st Accurate Census
Italy 17.2 million
Spain 10.5 million
Britain 10.4 million, 1 million in London
Ireland 5.2 million
U.S. 5.3 million
London 864,000
Paris 547,756
Vienna 231,050
Berlin 183,294
New York 60,515
Washington DC, new U.S. capital: 2,464 free inhabitants, 623 slaves

Who's 'In':

President Thomas Jefferson
President James Madison
Napoleon Bonaparte crowned Napoleon I, emperor of France, King of Italy
Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, Louis Bonaparte King of Holland, Jerome Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (nepotism)
Francis II becomes Francis I of Austria
King George III of Britain
British PM's: Henry Addington, William Pitt, William Wyndham Grenville, William Henry Bentinck, Spencer Perceval
Czar Alexander I of Russia
Horatio Nelson
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington
Prince Metternich
Meriwether Lewis
William Clark
Boxer Bill Richmond
Charles XIII of Sweden
Mehemet Ali, Pasha of Egypt
Mustafa IV, Sultan of Turkey
Pope Pius VII

Who Died:

The Holy Roman Empire officially dead
Federalist Party in the U.S.
William Cowper, 68
Czar Paul I
Joseph Priestley, 71
Immanuel Kant, 80
Fredrich Schiller, 46
William Pitt the Younger, 47
Joseph Haydn, 77
Thomas Paine, 72
Benedict Arnold
Grover Cleveland
Thomas Wedgewood
Alexander Hamilton, 49
Samuel Adams
Lord Cornwallis
Lord Admiral Horatio Nelson
Fragonard, 74

Bad Guys:

What's 'In':

Arc de Triomphe, Paris
Punctuality; widespread use of pocket watches
Dahlias first seen in England
The coffee pot in France
First shoes made for left and right feet by William Young
of Philadelphia,
Hashish in France
Bananas from Cuba
Pop-up children's books in Germany
The Union Jack official flag of United Kingdom
A cheese factory in America and a hard water cracker manufacturing plant
Mayonnaise invented in Mahon, Minorca
The metric system
Carbon paper
London's Pall Mall lit by gas.
Ascot Gold Cup
Napoleon's Empire style furnishings
Soybeans in the U.S.
Names for clouds in the sky: cirrus, cumulus, stratus and nimbus
Steam locomotives and the beginning of railways in Britain
Washington D.C. as US Capitol
E.I. Du Pont de Nemours & Co. founded to make explosives
Library of Congress in D.C.
Code Napoleon in France- code of civil laws
West Point Military Academy
Eli Whitney's muskets with interchangeable parts
New inventions: Screw-cutting lathe, iron printing press, bobbin net machine, nail-cutting machine, Mr. Shrapnel's shell
Robert Fulton's submarine
Nautilus and his steamboat hits Hudson River
First Leopard seen in America at Boston Zoo

Entertainment:

Friedrich von Schiller's "Mary Stuart," "Wilhelm Tell," and "The Maid of Orleans"
Johann von Goethe's play "Faust"

Music:

Beethoven's 1st Symphony in C major, 1st Piano Concerto, 3rd Piano Concerto in C minor, 6 string quartets, "Kreutzer" Sonata, 3rd Symphony (Eroica) 4th Piano Concerto in G,"Rasoumoffsky" string quartets, 4th Symphony in B flat, Violin Concerto, Leonora No. 3 and Coriolanus overtures, "Appassionata" sonata, 5th Symphony, 6th ("Pastoral") 5th Piano Concerto "Emperor" in E flat. His only opera "Fidelio," first produced in Vienna. Holy Cow!
Violinist Niccolo Paganini begins European tour
Cherubini's opera, "The Water-Carrier"
Haydn oratorio "The Seasons"
Rossini's first opera "Demetrio a Polibio" in Rome

Literature:

Library of Congress established in Washington D.C
Books with color plates
Robert Bloomfield's "The Farmer's Boy"
François René de Chateaubriand "Atala," "Les Martyrs," "Le Genie du Christianisme," and "Rene"
Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina"
William Blake's "Jerusalem," and "Milton"
Walter Scott "The Lay of the Last Minstrel," "Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border"
Washington Irving "Knickerbocker's History of New York."
William Wordsworth's "The Prelude" "The Daffodils," and "Ode on Intimations of Immortality."
Lord Byron's "Hours of Idleness" and "English Bards and Scots Reviewers"
Charles and Mary Lamb "Tales from Shakespeare"
Mme. de Staël's novels "Delphine" and "Corinne"
Chateaubriand's "René"
Robert Southey's "Madoc"

Art:

Goya's "Portrait of a Woman," "The Family of Charles IV," "The Two Majas" and "Doña Isabel Cobos de Porcal"
Turner's "Calais Pier," "Shipwreck," "Sun Rising in a Mist"
Constable's "Malvern Hall"
David's portrait of Mme. Récamier and "Napoléon au Grand Saint-Bernard," and "Coronation of Napoleon"
Canova's sculpture of Napoleon Bonaparte
Benjamin West "Christ Healing the Sick"

Fashion & Beauty:

Regency Fashion era based on classical Greek principles and ornamentation
Napoleon banns import of English textiles
Empire Style
Fashion icon: Empress Josephine

Women:
Bare necklines
Soft muslin dresses
Pantaloons
Geometric shapes in hems, sleeve bands and shawls
Etruscan and Egyption decoration with woven or embroidered borders
Flowing Grecian robes
Ermine boas
Long velvet gloves
Gauze "tuckers," a short-waisted blouse, or chemisette

Men:
Pigtails are OUT!
Top hats
Velvet collars
Tail-coats
Fitted shirts
Dress swords
Fob watches
Military styles with froggin, braids, cords, velvet

Media:

Quarterly Review founded by Walter Scott
Rampant censorship of news-papers and theatre in France.
New York Evening Post founded by Alexander Hamilton (oldest continually published daily newspaper in America).
The Globe
Comic magazine "The Wasp" published in New York
Democratic Press published in Philadelphia

Money:

Founding of the Bank of France
1st British savings bank
Total expenditure by Britain on state matters £62.8 mill.
Thomas Malthus's book "Essay on the Principle of Population" becomes most important economic work

Religion:

Episcopal Church in U.S. adopts 39 Articles of Religion
Evangelical revival in Germany; first Evangelical church in US
Theological Seminary, St. Petersburg
Sisters of Charity of St. Joseph founded in U.S. by Elizabeth Seton
Pope Pius VII imprisoned by Napoleon
Cornerstone laid on 1st American Cathedral- Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, Baltimore.
Swedenborgian or New Church service in Baltimore
Jewish congregation founded in Philadelphia

Science:

William Herschel discovers infra-red solar rays and binary stars
Asteroids Ceres and Pallas first discovered
Smallpox vaccinations in America
The term "biology" coined
Astronomer J. J. Lalande catalogues 47,390 stars
Alessandro Volta produces electricity from cell - the voltaic pile
Royal College of Surgeons, London
Discovery of rhodium and palladium, sodium, potassium, barium, boron, calcium and magnesium
Polarization of light by reflection
Water voltameter telegraph
Discovery of sodium and morphine
Discovery that water can be purified with chlorine
Practice of phrenology founded by Germany doctor F.J. Gall
Dalton's atomic theory
Edward Jenner's book "An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of Variolae Vaccinae"

New Slang Words:

Far and wide
For love or money
To go from bad to worse
Someone is a good for nothing
To have other fish to fry
Red herring
It stands to reason...
To turn a blind eye
The sing the blues
(Happy as) pigs in clover
Cocktail hour
Jump down someone's throat

 

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About These Tools
An introduction to History by Decades by Larry Belling. More...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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